Gampaha Botanical Garden

Gampaha Botanical Garden also known as Henarathgoda Botanical Garden is situated in the suburb of Gampaha, about 18 miles (29 km) north-west of Colombo and within 1 kilometre (1,100 yd) from the Gampaha Railway Station, and not more than 500 yards (460 m) from the Gampaha-Minuwangoda road.

It was established in 1876 by the British to conduct experiments on exotic economic plants such as Rubber and explore plant wealth and development of economy in the Colony. The altitude of garden is about 33 feet above the sea level. It has a tropical low-country climate. The total area of the botanical garden is about 36 acres and recently it acquired another 7 acres for its expansion process

The total area of the garden is about 33 acres and it is more than 140 years old. The garden is divided into two segments- the orchid garden and the Japanese garden. Visitors can see an extensive variety of plants, shrubs, trees and bushes that are endemic to the country. In addition, the garden is also home to more than 80 species of birds, 12 species of butterflies and 18 species of mammals. Tourists can also take a boat ride at the Attanagalu Oya. The local and foreign people come to every day this place to watch them.

Hakgala Botanical Garden

Hakgala Botanical Garden is one of the five botanical gardens in Sri Lanka. It is the second largest garden in Sri Lanka. The garden is contiguous to Hakgala Strict Nature Reserve.The garden is contiguous to Hakgala Strict Nature Reserve in Nuwara Eliya. The garden is believed to be the highest set botanical gardens in the world.

Hakgala Botanical Garden is situated on the Nuwara Eliya-Badulla main road, 16 km from Nuwara Eliya. The garden has a Cool temperate climate because of altitude is 5,400 feet above the sea level. The mean annual temperature ranges between 16 °C to 30°C during course of a year, From December to February it has a cold climate, while the warm climate persists from April to August.
The best time to see the gardens is probably from about mid-March to the end of April, popularly known as the Nuwara Eliya seasons. The gardens put up their best display of temperate annual flowers, Roses and Orchids during this period.

There are over 10,000 species of flora planted here and during the spring season in Nuwara Eliya thousands of visitors come to see the blooms here. Number of annual visitors is around 500,000.The garden is famous for number of Species of Orchids and Roses are planted there. The local and foreign people come to every day this place to watch them. Hakgala Gardens is open daily from 8.00 am to 5.30 pm.

Sinharaja Forest in Sri Lanka

Sinharaja forest reserve is a biodiversity hot-spot in Sri Lanka. It is of international significance and has been designated a biosphere reserve and world heritage site by UNESCO. It is tropics rain forest in the world as nominated by UNESCO in 1988, and also conserved forest as nominated in 1962. This is famous wide variety of biodiversity and ever green forest.

Location: This rainforest spanning an area of 18900 acres is located within Sabaragamuwa and Southern provinces of the south-west lowland wet zone of Sri Lanka, Which is located in Galle, Mathara and Rathnapura districts. It is highest place is top of the Hinipitigala Mountain (1170m). Sinharaja is bounded by rivers on three sides. On the north, Sinharaja is bounded by the Kalu Ganga, Naapola Dola and Kosthulana Ganga. On the south and south-west are the rivers Maha Dola and Gin Ganga. On the west are the river Kalukandawa Ela and river Kudawa Ganga. In addition we can see Brahamana Ella, Doovili Ella, Ura (pig) wetunu Ella and Gal doruwa Ella in this forest.

Bio-diversity: Sinharaja Forest reserve is also home to over 50% of Sri Lanka’s endemic species of mammals and butterflies, as well as many kinds of insects, reptiles and rare amphibians.

Climate of sinharaja rain forest is meteorological records gathered from in and around Sinharaja over the last 60 years reveal the annual rainfall of Sinharaja forest has ranged between 3614mm to 5006mm and temperatures from 19°C to 34°C. The high rainfall is owing to two monsoons: south-west monsoons during May-July and the north-east monsoons during November-January.

Peradeniya Botanical Garden

Peradeniya Royal botanical garden is the largest of the botanical gardens of Sri Lanka. It is situated in Maha Nuwara (Kandy) district in the central province of Sri Lanka. It is near the Mahaweli River. The garden includes more than 4000 species of plants, including orchids, spices, medicinal plants and palm trees. To seeing very famous Hanging Bridge and garden of medicine (Osu Uyana) in Peradeniya garden. The total area of the botanical garden is 147 acres (0.59 km2), at 460 meters above sea level, and with a 200-day annual rainfall. It is managed by the Division of National Botanic Gardens of the Department of Agriculture.

There many vacant areas like parks with meadows. The visitors can enjoy staying this place. The local and foreign people come to every day this place to watch them and the ticket is needed to enter the garden. Because this money use for garden maintaining.

Rain Forest

Man is blessed with natural gifts. Rain forests are such a natural resource gifted to man. Water, air, metal, fertile land and oil are some other natural resources man is blessed with. The same way these rain forests too provide man with essential things. Tree like Cactus, Cypress etc., resist the dry weather and keep the humidity favourable to man. And another important thing we should never forget is it the forests that provide man with the largest amount of oxygen. Therefore rain forest is man’s best friend that makes him breathe live and survive.









Kanneliya Forest in Sri Lanka

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Location: Kanneliya forest Reserve is located in the galle District in the Southern Province about 125 km away from Colombo. It is one of the largest forest reserves with a high bio-diversity in Sri Lanka.

Waterfalls:Inside the forest there are many streams adding life to the vegetation. Although deforestation has affected them, these streams create several beautiful cascades. There is a high rainfall in Kanneliya from May to July and again in the months of October and November, making it an ideal time to see waterfalls. The anagimale falls is the closest waterfall to the entrance of the forest reserve. It is just 2km away from the entrance. You need to go a little deeper into the forest to see the beautiful waterfall called Narangas Ella.

Bio-diversity: there are 301 plant species at Kanneliya forest reserve, some 133 animal species and 59 species of birds making it very rich in biodiversity.

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