Seenigama Devalaya in Sri Lanka

Seenigama Devalaya (Temple) is a small village on the south-west coast on the main Colombo-Matara road way. Located just before the Hikkaduwa Town and The Seenigama Devalaya  (shrine) is on a small island short way from the beach.

It is a well-known temple where many of the people in Sri Lanka worship very devotedly. When we consider its location, away from the mainland, it’s wonderful to see a temple which has a history of more than a thousand years, on a small island in the sea, without any destruction. This preservation is a supernatural performance that proves Seenigama is a sacred place.

The Seenigama Devalaya  dedicated to the Devol Deviyo, or God Devol, is a popular destination for people coming from all parts of the country make offering at the shrine. Devol is a local god, who protect the fisherman and their boats and from more recently buses and lorries. This Temple is devoted for Devol Deviyan ( God Devol) and around 300 years old. But some believe that, this place is more than 1000 years old, but there is no any proven evidence. Even though, many visors goes only to the devalaya in the main land the main devalaya is located in a close by island. This one can be reached only by a boat. Many locals used to stop here while on their way to down south.

People coming various parts of island pray for the blessing of the god. Some people come to this place and do various special rituals & offerings and beg the god for punishing their enemies. Specially if someone faced an injustice, if there is no other help, they used to come here and grid chilies. This is to request the god to curse party, who has done injustice to them.


People who travel along this temple, offering coins to it as a tribute is a well-known scene. They believe that this makes their journey successful without any accidents. It also shows us the great devotion to the Lord by the people. To get cured from illnesses, for pregnant mothers and also for fishermen, they get blessings by this temple. The annual procession and festival celebrated here lights up the whole region.

The Seenigama Temple, Halle is a popular name among the Hikkaduwa Tourist Attractions. The Seenigama Temple, Hikkaduwa is known as the Seenigama Devalaya in the colloquial Sinhalese. It is located just a few kilometres north of Hikkaduwa, close to Peraliya and Telwatta. As is evident, Devalaya is the term for temple. The Seenigama Temple in Hikkaduwa is situated on the coast of the sea, beyond the 96 km post on the Colombo Gallehighway. Thought to be over millennia old, the Hikkaduwa Seenigama Temple is approximately 1300 years old. However, there is no evidence to provide evidence to this speculation. Whatever historical records have been exhumed, structural evidence states that the Seenigama Temple is above 300 years old.


The Seenigama Temple, Hikkaduwa is a testimony both of the historical as well as cultural facet of Galle in Sri Lanka. If you are keen on exploring the conventions of temple worship and knowing all about the temple traditions of Galle, the Seenigama Temple or Seenigama Devalaya is a must visit. The sanctuary is also known as the Seenigama Devol Temple, owing to its patron deity, Devol. Devol is a god of the Buddhist pantheon. The Devol Deviyo or Devol culture is prevalent among theSinhalese and continues to be the most accepted of all forms of worship by the fisher folk in the southern and western lowlands. Devol ceremonies are prominent and often practiced along the coastal areas. Some also guarantee the success of fishing.

The Seenigama Temple, Galle is extremely sacred as it is believed that the deity resolves the problems of human beings. The shrine of the god on the shore was recently constructed. The land on which the Seenigama Temple, Galle was originally located is now an island and can be approached only by boat. The island itself is small with a deep freshwater well.

  • Histroy of Seenigma Devalaya

The Seenigama temple has a golden history of about 1300 years. Lord of the ‘Devol’ temple is Lord Kurumbara.Merchant Kalingapura, had a lot of sons. They were Devol Sami, Induras Sami, Sandaras Sami, Giniras Sami, Buduras Sami and Maha Sami and a daughter known as Padmini. Because his sons were very stubborn, he had put them on a ship and turned them out. On the way they faced a strong storm and ships were destroyed.

Among these princes, only one prince could save his life. He lighted a lamp and it says that Lord Shakra had seen it and created a lime rock to save him. Devol is the prince. Finally he had come to the Seenigama area.  At that time, it says the power of this area had been inherited by Goddess Pattini. She had lighted a fire fence and offered a sacrifice to frighten away Devol Sami. But later, the power of it had been inherited by Devol Sami.

Seenigama temple was started when the minister Deva Pathiraja was made a custodian in this temple for the curing of Dambadeni King Parakramabahu from the illness he got. Also because this temple has a great glory it says that many people from various areas of Sri Lanka used to visit it.


  • How got the Name of Seenigama Devalaya

As we travel to its history, we can see that it was also important internationally because the pots, paddy as well as the stones exported to India have been transported along this way. According to history, Seenigama had been important also as a harbour. There are many myths saying how it got its name. Many say, that ‘Seeni’ of Seenigama means anchors and so that it had been the place anchored and it has been known as Seenigama. Some say, because of the Chinese people who came here for trading purposes, it had been known as Cheenagama and later changed to Seenigama.

Except these, there are many more myths. In the past, jaggery has been manufactured by the sugarcane, coconut and palmyrah which have been cultivated here. So that it is called Seenigama. The sea beach is very beautiful. Lord ‘Devol’ who was the chief ruler of Seenigama, had changed the sand into sugar and according to that too, it says that Seenigama name was given.

Logo of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

The national emblem of Sri Lanka used by Sri Lankan government is in connection with the administrative purpose and government of the country. The current republican emblem was adopted in 1972 after the country was declared as a republic state.

The present emblem of was created in 1972 with the ideas and guidance of Mr. Nissanka Wijerathna.  At the time, he was Permanent Secretary to the Ministry of Cultural Affairs and Chairman of the National Emblem and Flag Design Committee. The designer of the emblem was Venerable Mapalagama Wipulasara Maha Thera and Art Work by Artist Mr S.M Seneviratne.

The emblem has a lion, holding a sword in its right for paw on a maroon background encircled with petals of a Blue lotus. And this is placed on top of a traditional grain vase that sprouts sheaves of Rice grains that circle the border reflecting prosperity.

The Crest is the Dharmachkra, symbolizing the country’s foremost place for Buddhism and just rule. Traditional Sinhalese heraldic symbols for the sun and the moon form the Supporters.  Sun and Moon, and Lion depicting Lord Buddha are given less prominence than cart wheel of English Buddhism, so it is in great discordance with National Scriptures.


Artist Mr. S.M Seneviratne

National Anthem of Sri Lanka

The National Anthem of Sri Lanka “Sri Lanka Matha” is believed to have been written by Mr. Ravindranath Tagore and later composed by the musician Mr. Ananda Samarakoon in 1940 before the island nation’s independence from the British. In 1951, it became the national anthem of Sri Lanka. Firstly, it was written in Sinhalese and translated to Tamil. The first performance of the anthem was held in the fourth anniversary of Independence Day on 4 February 1952.

The National Anthem is sang completely when the state leader, participate any occasions. At that time the whole nation should respect and honour. They should stand without moving and respect obediently.










Mr. Ravindranath Tagore                                                                                  Mr. Ananda Samarakoon



  • National Anthem in English..


Sri lanka maathaa……

Apa sri lanka, namo namo namo namo maathaa…

Sundara siribarini, suredi athi sobamaana lanka…

Dhaanya dhanaya neka mal palathuru piri jaya bhoomiya ramya…

Apahata sepa siri setha sadanaa jeewanaye maathaa…

Piliganu mena apa bhakthi poojaa…

Namo namo mathaa……

Apa sri lanka, namo namo namo namo maatha…

Oba we apa vidyaa -obamaya apa sathyaa…

Oba we apa shakthi – apa hada thula bhakthi…

Oba apa aaloke – apage anuprane…

Oba apa jeewana we -apa mukthiya oba we…

Nawa jeewana demine nithina apa pubudu karan maatha…

Gnana veerya wadamina regena yanu mena jaya bhoomi karaa…

Eka mawakage daru kela bevina…

Yamu yamu wee nopamaa……

Prema wadaa sema bhedha durera daa namo namo maathaa…

Apa sri lanka, namo namo namo namo maathaa……



  • National Anthem in Sinhala – ජාතික ගීය


ශ්‍රී ලංකා මාතා…………..

අප ශ්‍රී ලංකා, නමෝ නමෝ නමෝ නමෝ මාතා…

සුන්දර සිරිබරිනී, සුරැඳි අති සෝබමාන ලංකා…

ධාන්‍ය ධනය නෙක මල් පලතුරු පිරි ජය භූමිය රම්‍යා…

අපහට සැප සිරි සෙත සදනා ජීවනයේ මාතා…

පිළිගනු මැන අප භක්ති පූජා…

නමෝ නමෝ මාතා………….

අප ශ්‍රී ලංකා, නමෝ නමෝ නමෝ නමෝ මාතා…

ඔබ වේ අප විද්‍යා – ඔබ ම ය අප සත්‍යා…

ඔබ වේ අප ශක්තී – අප හද තුළ භක්ති…

ඔබ අප ආලෝකේ – අපගේ අනුප්‍රා‍ණේ…

ඔබ අප ජීවන වේ – අප මුක්තිය ඔබ වේ…

නව ජීවන දෙමිනේ නිතින අප පුබුදු කරන් මාතා…

ඥාන වීර්ය වඩවමින රැගෙන යනු මැන ජය භූමි කරා…

එක මවගේ දරු කැල බැවිනා…

යමු යමු වී නොපමා………….

ප්‍රේම වඩා සැම භේද දුරැර දා නමෝ නමෝ මාතා…

අප ශ්‍රී ලංකා, නමෝ නමෝ නමෝ නමෝ මාතා…

National Clothes in Sri Lanka

There is no official national costume in Sri Lanka. But the most popular items are sari for women and sarong for men. The traditions in men’s clothing are simpler and clearer – men of any age wear sarongs or trousers. It is a little bit more complicated with women. Their national costumes depend on the age, marital status and the event. Mostly women use sari or half sari. But there are different regional peculiarities.

People use various types of clothes for various functions. For instance, wear white clothes for religious function. The Tamil, Muslims and Christian have peculiar costumes for different occasion.

National Gemstone in Sri Lanka

The blue sapphire was declared the national Gemstone of Sri Lanka in October 2003. A postage stamp worth LKR 4.50 was issued on 2 October 2003 to mark the announcement. Sri Lanka is famous for blue sapphires, especially known for their size.

The blue sapphire belongs to the Corundum family. While pure Corundum is colourless, the red variety is called ‘Ruby’. Blue Corundum is called Blue Sapphire. ‘Pathmaraga’ is another variety. There are others identified by the different colors like Yellow Sapphire, Pink Sapphire, Green Sapphire and so on. Sri Lanka is world famous for Blue Sapphires with most of the largest sapphires in museum collections from around the world being from here. They are widespread and occur mostly among the secondary sedimentary deposits as water worn pebbles.





Flags oF Provinces in Sri Lanka

These are the information of Flags of Provinces. Provincial flags for the modern provinces of Sri Lanka were first introduced in 1987. Most of the flags are based upon ancient Sinhalese flags, and or symbols for their respective regions. There are nine (09) flags according to nine provinces.

1. Northern Province

The flag is designed to represents the North province and its five districts Jaffna, Kilinochchi, Mannar, Vaunia and Mulathiw. Its main city is Jaffna. The province consists of 32 provincial divisional secretariats. Its area is 8290 square kilometers. The Wild Jasmine is the flower of this province. This area is being implemented after rescuing from the useless war.

The blue border is ocean resource, Green colour is the greenery and agriculture, Red colour is labour, industriousness and Hindu culture and religion. White colour is fraternity, peace; radiating sun indicates synergy of power and natural energy source, also Tamil people and language in the province.



2. North central Province

The flag is designed to represents the North central province and its two districts Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa. Its main city and first capital city is Anuradhapura, according to civilization in Sri Lanka. The province consists of 29 provincial divisional secretariats. Its area is 9741 square kilometers. The Ehela Mala is the flower of this province. The main livelihood of this province is agriculture.

In this religious city there are eight scared places, they are called “Atamasthana” (Sri maha bodhiya, Ruwanweliseya, Thuparamaya…) and many tanks situated in this province. The local and foreign people come to every day this place to watch them, because this province has cultural value also.

The flag is similar to that of the National flag with the yellow border, the two vertical green and orange stripes and the four Bo leaves in the corner of the maroon box.



3. Central Province

The flag is designed to represents the Central province and its three districts Kandy, Nuwara Eliya and Matale. Its main city is Kandy. The province consists of 36 provincial divisional secretariats. Its area is 5575 square kilometers. The Maharath Mala is the flower of this province. In this province Tea is grown well and a temperate climatic condition is prevailing throughout the year.

The golden colour lion that carries a sword and the four Bo leaves at the four corners in the maroon colour background represents the Kandy district. The White layout represents Matale district and Nuwara Eliya district that represents the up country is symbolized by the White lotus. The sun and moon are for eternity.

4. North Western Province

The flag is designed to represents the North West province and its two districts Kurunegala and Puttalam. Its main city is Kurunegala. Other main towns in this province are Chilaw and Puttalam, which are both small fishing towns. The province consists of 46 provincial divisional secretariats. Its area is 7506 square kilometers. The Etteriya is the flower of this province. The main livelihood of this province is agriculture and this province is known mainly for its numerous coconut plantation.

The flag of the North western province is of a brown bovine with a sun and moon symbol on a white background. There 15 small eight-pointed cross-stars on the background. The whole flag is surrounded by a green and brown woven border.

5. Western Province

The flag is designed to represents the Western province and its three districts Colombo, Gampaha and Kaluthra. Its main city is Colombo and it has many important places, some of them are the Economic center, Airport, Central Bank, Famous Schools, Universities and industrial production centers. The province consists of 40 provincial divisional secretariats. Its area is 3593 square kilometers. The White lily is the flower of this province.

Its outer rectangle is green with the next one being white. It has decorative green and yellow leaves and in the corners are four arrows separating each side. In the dark red central rectangle, there are four Bo leaves in the corners and three white rings in the middle. Within the first is a three headed golden snake, in the central one is a golden lion with sword and in the last one is a golden bird or cock with a sword.


6. Southern Province

The flag is designed to represents the South province and its three districts Galle, Matara and Hambanthota. Its main city and most developed area is Galle. The province consists of 45 provincial divisional secretariats. Its area is 5383 square kilometers. The Heen Bovitiya is the flower of this province. The livelihoods of this province are agriculture, fisheries and salt industry.

A picture of a lion flag can be seen in frescos in historical Dambulla cave temple. This historical flag made of carving a picture of running lion with a small sword in its forepaw is considered to be the Ruhuna flag.

The flag is of a picture of a yellow lion on a red blood colour background. Accordingly, it was decided to use for the Southern Provincial flag the picture of the lion running with a small sword in its fore paw of the Ruhuna flag and the red colour and yellow colour of the flag taken in the war front by King Dutugamunu.

It was agreed that the forms of the sun and moon of the flag of Southern Province flag should be in the same forms of the sun and moon of the flag of Devinuwara Devalaya and that the same form of that of the flag of Hambantota District. Accordingly, it was expected to keep the integration of Galle, matara and Hambantota. Therefore, Southern Province flag can be considered as a combination of several traditional flags.



7. Uva Province

The flag is designed to represents the North province and its two districts Badulla and Monaragala. Its main city is Badulla. The province consists of 26 provincial divisional secretariats. Its area is 3154 square kilometers. The Gurulu Raja is the flower of this province.

The flag that was gifted to Uva Province by the King Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe who ruled the kingdom of Kandy during the period 1798-1815 can be seen even today at the National Museum (Courtesy: Book entitled “Uva Ithihasaya” by Panditha Naulle Dhammananda Thero ).

The flag of the Uva is a red and yellow flag of a bird. It is bordered by a series of patterns, and also pleasantness, innocence, greatnes and royalty, a flag with a picture of swan had been allotted to the Uva province.



8. Sabaragamuwa Province

The flag is designed to represents the Sabaragamuwa province and its two districts Rathnapura and Kegalle. Its main city is Rathnapura. The province consists of 28 provincial divisional secretariats. Its area is 4921 square kilometers. The Vesak mala is the flower of this province. The livelihoods of this province agriculture and Gems mining is the most important industry.

The flag of the Sabaragamuwa is a dark red flag boarded by yellow edges, like the Sri Lankan flag. It has four yellow Bo leaves in the corners and in the middle is a lion holding a whip like object, there are also a Sun and a Moon either side of the lion.

9. Eastern Province

The flag is designed to represents the East province and its three districts Trincomalee, Batticaloa and Ampara. Its main city is Batticaloa.

The province consists of 42 provincial divisional secretariats. Its area is 9361 square kilometers. The Goda Manel is the flower of this province. The main livelihoods of this province agriculture and fisheries. A new provincial council is being developed in this area.

The flag of the North eastern province is similar to the current flag of Northern Province. It has a symbol of the Sun in the middle of the flag, with three vertical stripes red, white and green.


Capital city in Sri Lanka

Colombo is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka. It is the financial center of the island and a popular tourist destination. It is located on the west coast of the island and adjacent to the Greater Colombo area which includes Sri Jayawardhanapura Kotte, the legislative capital of Sri Lanka and Dehiwala Mount Lavinia. Colombo is often referred to as the capital since Sri Jayawardhanapura Kotte is within the urban area of, and a suburb of, Colombo. But the ancient Colombo had bullock cart transport system with the development of Colombo this place gradually; Colombo became the busiest place.

It is also the administrative capital of Western Province, Sri Lanka and the district capital of Colombo district. Colombo is a busy and vibrant place with a mixture of modern life and colonial buildings and ruins. It was the legislative capital of Sri Lanka until 1982.Due to its large harbour and its strategic position along the East-West sea trade routes, Colombo was known to ancient traders 2,000 years ago. It was made the capital of the island when Sri Lanka was ceded to the British Empire in 1815, and its status as capital was retained when the nation became independent in 1948. In 1978, when administrative functions were moved to Sri Jayawardhanapura Kotte, Colombo was designated as the commercial capital of Sri Lanka.

The main city is home to a majority of Sri Lanka’s corporate offices, restaurants and entertainment venues. Famous landmarks in Colombo include Galle Face green, Viharamahadevi park, Beira Lake, Colombo Racecourse, Planetarium , University of Colombo, Mount Lavinia beach, Nelum pokuna theatre, Colombo Lotus tower (under construction)  as well as the National Museum.

  • Old Capital City


  • New Capital City

National Tree in Sri Lanka

Our national tree of Sri Lanka is Naa Tree (Ironwood Tree). It is botanically known as “Mesua nagassarium” was declared the national tree on 26th February 1986.

It was chosen as the national tree due to its endemism in Sri Lanka, utility, historic & cultural importance, exterior posture, wide distribution, colour and nature and ability to draw and sketch easily. Theravada Buddhism considers this tree for achieved enlightenment. The tree has been utilized for various purposes since ancient times.

The flowers bloom ones year, the petals are white in colour. Its small in size and it has sweet smell. The tender leaves are in red colour. The Naa Tree grows any part of Sri Lanka. It is a huge tree and endemic tree for wet zone in the low country.

National Sport in Sri Lanka

Our national sport of Sri Lanka is Volleyball. It was officially recognized as the national sport of Sri Lanka in 1991 and the sport was introduced to Sri Lanka by Mr. Robort Wolter Camack in 1916 and introduced to world by Mr. Williyam G. Mogan in 1895. However, there is an opinion that Sri Lankans played a similar sport before its introduction. Elle had recognition as a national sport before volleyball.

It is played in a court. There are two sides in a team, and 12 players are nominated and out of them six players take part for the team. There are fixed rules and regulations. This is played by both girls and boys. There is a net between two courts. The match is judge by a main referee and another one and two linesman. This game is played by many countries all over the world.

The Federation is built on 62 affiliated organizations and Managed by an honorary Committee of 25 members. The Current President of SLVF (Sri Lanka Volley Ball Federation) is Hon. Dilan Perera, the minister of Ports Development and the Secretary General is Mr. Susil Ranasinghe.

It also has International affiliations to the FIVB and AVC. It’s also accredited to the National Olympic Committee (NOC) of Sri Lanka. From, 1980, the Federation participated in the Asian Senior and Junior Men’s & Women’s Championships. In 2002 the Federation successfully hosted the 12th Asian Junior Women’s Championship.


Court Structure of Volleyball


National Flower in Sri Lanka

Our national flower of Sri Lanka is Nil Mahanel (Water Lily). It is botanically known as Nymphaea stellata. The Nil Mahanel, blue water lily was chosen as the national flower of Sri Lanka in February 1986.

It is found in all parts of the island and grows mainly in shallow water. The flower is considered a symbol of truth, purity and discipline. It has connections with Buddha and was used as ceremonial flower in Sri Lanka throughout history.

The Nli Mahanel introduce in Tamil language as Kamalam and  Alli Tamarei. It grows in water. It has many petals and the leaves are round in shape and have a long stem.