National Bird

The national bird in Sri Lanka is Jungle Fowl. It’s biologically known as “Gallus”. It lives in forest hiding among bushes. This is similar to the cock lives in villages. The jungle fowl is very beautiful. Their feathers are golden in color and have long feathers. Its crest is dark red. It’s a mix feather and eats grains, leaves and insect.




Sri Lanka is rich in various types of foods. The staple food is Rice and Curry, which is used with some variations for the breakfast, lunch and dinner. There some traditional foods which are prepared for the New year, some festival occasion’s, weddings and when begins a good event, such as house warming ceremony, opening ceremony and reading the alphabet the traditional foods are Milk rice, oil cake, banana and other sweet meats.

Sri Lanka is popular as hospitable country, because of the foods. Most of the foods are found from the environment, which are nutritious and tasty. Some of them are leaves, yams, grains and nuts. There are many kinds of meats and very delicious sea foods are available in Sri Lanka. Many natural foods such as papaya, pineapple, mangos, banana and other fruits, they have big demand as they are sweet and juicy.

These food are cooked in various methods, some of them are famous since in the ancient time. The spices taste these foods. The Polos Embula, Kiri Kos (Jack curry), Embulthiyal (Fish) and Coconut Sambal are some of them. Most of the foods are made by the endemic plants of the country. They have the herbal value the coconut oil, vegetable oil are used mostly for cooking. Some special and different recipes are used for different occasions. The traditional foods were taken specially in villages for some occasions and they used natural materials for cooking eating; like clay pots, banana and louts leaves to eat.




Ethnic in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka is a multi-national, multi-religious country. There are many different views among people. The majority is Sinhalese and Tamil, Muslim, Christian, Male and Burghers are the minorities. Their religions are Buddhism, Hindu, Islam and Christianity. The Dharmachakraya is the symbol of Buddhists, the cross is symbol of Christians and the crescent & the star is the symbol of Muslims. The Tamil people plenty of live in North province, Muslims live in Eastern province and Sinhalese live in the other part of the country.

They all live spreading all over the country. They use Sinhala, Tamil and English as communicative language. The Kandy temple or Dalada maligawa, Sripada, Anuradhapura and Kelaniya are the most sacred places, as well as Nalloor kovil, Madu palliya are some of them.



General Information about Sri Lanka

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Sri Lanka is one of the greatest island in the world and it’s 435km(270 miles) long 240km(150 miles) wide. It is known as the pearl in the Indian Ocean, because it is surrounded by the Indian Ocean. In the ancient time it was ruled by the English people. Some other countries captured and governed, because of the treasure and natural harbors. They found species, tea and gems mainly. Plenty of sunny beaches, rivers starting from the hill country, waterfalls, picturesque landscapes, climatic conditions admired by foreigners and many varieties of greeneries enrich our natural beauty. It is the works of fine art done by our forefathers, place in Sri Lanka high among other countries of the world.

Sri Lanka is in the ancient time called by “Thambapanni”. Ancient cities like Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa, depict the glory of the kingdoms of good old days and fine arts such as Sigirya, Aukana Buddha Pilimaya and huge water tanks, like Parakrama Samudraya and Minneriya tank the our ancestors had. The existing ruins tell us how civilized, prosperous and determined nations the Sri Lanka were under the reigns of the kings in the past. According to the first king was the Wijaya (A.D.543) and the last king was Sri Wikrama Rajasingha (B.C. 1798-Kandy) in Sri Lanka. The country is governed by president now.

There were pioneer kings and great people dedicated even their lives to save the country. Some of them were “Wariyapola sumangala thero, Veera kepitipola nilame, Gongale goda banda, etc…” So Sri Lanka became independent country in, 1948 February 04.  Ever since we live as a free nation. And also independent day is celebrated on 04th February in every year, mainly at the independent square in Colombo. The march-past is held by the three forces to honor for this event.

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Its location is geographically very important. The neighboring country is India. The middle part consist range of mount while the rest of the part is a plain the hill country is very cold and the other parts are very dry. These are cold ‘wet zone and dry zone’ most of the longest rivers begin from the hill country. The water falls down to the plains generating electricity. They help to fertile in the low lands. The tea, vegetables are grown well in the hill country. The paddy and coconut grow in the low lands.

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List of Presidents of Sri Lanka

  • President Wiliyam Gopallawa (විලියම් ගොපල්ලව)He is 1st nominal president in Sri Lanka (1972.05.22 – 1978.02.04)
  • President J.R. Jayawardhana (ජුනියස් රිචඩ් ජයවර්ධන)He is 1st executive president in Sri Lanka (1978.02.04 – 1989.01.02)
  • President Ranasingha Preamadasa (රණසිංහ ප්‍රේමදාස)He is 2nd executive president in Sri Lanka (1989.01.02 – 1993.05.01)
  • President D.B. Wijethunga (ඩිංගිරි බණ්ඩා විජේතුංග)He is 3rd executive president in Sri Lanka (1993.05.01 – 1995.11.12)
  •  President Chandrika Kumrathunga (චන්ද්‍රිකා බණ්ඩාරනායක)She is 4th executive president in Sri Lanka (1994.11.12 -2005.11.19)
  • President Mahinda Rajapaksha (මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ)He is 5th executive president in Sri Lanka (2005-11.19 – 2015.01.09)
  • President Maithreepala Sirisena (මෛත්‍රීපාල සිරිසේන)He is president of Sri Lanka (2015 – at present)

List of Prime Ministers of Sri Lanka

  • Premier (Right-honourable) D.S. Senanayaka (මහාමාන්‍ය දොන් ස්ටීවන් සේනානායක)He is 1st premier in Sri Lanka (1947.09.24 – 1952.03.22)
  • Premier Dadli Senanayaka (ඩඩ්ලි සේනානායක)He is 2nd (1952.03.26 – 1953.10.12), 6th (1960.03.21 – 1960.07.21) and 8th (1965.03.25 – 1970.05.29) premier in Sri Lanka.
  • Premier Sir Jhon Layanal Kothalawala (ජෝන් ලයනල් කොතලාවල)He is 3rd premier in Sri Lanka (1953.10.12 – 1956.04.12)
  • Premier S.W.R.D. Bandaranayaka (සොලමන් බණ්ඩාරනායක)He is 4th premier in Sri Lanka (1956.04.12 – 1959.09.26)
  • Premier Wijayananda Dahanayaka (විජයානන්ද දහනායක)He is 5th premier in Sri Lanka (1959.09.26 – 1960.03.20)
  • Premier Sirimawo Bandaranayaka (සිරිමාවෝ රත්වත්තේ බණ්ඩාරනායක)She is 1st premier women in the Sri Lanka, and 7th (1960.07.21 – 1965.03.25),9th (1970.05.29 -1972.05.22), 10th (1972.05.22 – 1977.07.23) premier in Sri Lanka.


  • Premier Ranasingha Preamadasa (රණසිංහ ප්‍රේමදාස)He is premier in Sri Lanka (1978.02.06 – 1989.01.02)
  • Premier D.B. Wijethunga (ඩිංගිරි බණ්ඩා විජේතුංග)He is premier in Sri Lanka (1989.03.06 – 1993.05.07)
  • Premier Ranil Wicramasingha (රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ)He is (1993.05.07 – 1994.08.19), (2001.12.09 – 2004.04.06) and (2015.01.09 – at present) premier in Sri Lanka.
  • Premier Chandrika Kumrathunga (චන්ද්‍රිකා බණ්ඩාරනායක)She is premier in Sri Lanka (1994.08.19 – 1994.11.12)
  • Premier Rathanasiri Wicramanayaka (රත්නසිරි වික්‍රමනායක)He is (2000.08.10 – 2001.12.07) and (2005.11.19 – 2010.04.21) premier in Sri Lanka
  • Premier Mahinda Rajapaksha (මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ)He is premier in Sri Lanka (2004.04.06 – 2005.11.19)
  • Premier D.M. Jayarathna (දි.මු. ජයරත්න)He is premier in Sri Lanka (2010.04.21 – 2015.01.09)
  • Premier Ranil Wicramasingha (රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ)He is premier in Sri Lanka (2015.01.09 – at present)

National Animal in Sri Lanka

The national animal in Sri Lanka is Jaint Squirrel. It’s biologically known as Ratua indica”. This animal is dark brown in colour. The abdomen part is white. It has a long tail. It lives on trees near village. It has three white strips on its body. It feeds on fruits and grains. It likes to drink king coconut water. It can jump from branch to branch for that its long tail helps. It makes many nests on top of the tree branches with leaves, because the cubs change from nest to nest from time to time.


Culture in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka is very rich in culture, and it is a multi-cultural country. Because of different nations. Their lives associate with many cultural events. Sri Lankan wears some peculiar clothes. The Sinhalese’s national clothes are white sarom and long sleeves shirts.The Muslims and Tamil also having different clothes, salvar and shawl are worn by the Muslims and saree and natural flowers are used to dedicate the hair by the Tamil. But most of Sri Lankan’s wear the English materials. some special occasions wear coats and a tie.


Their most of the events are connected with many rituals, out of them the family is very important the very big relationship and mutual understanding among the family members. They respect and obey each other children’s requirements are fulfill by the parents and the look after them. Even after the marriage. The children worship the elders twice a day, before go to school and to go to bed at night. We have outstanding rituals such as before commencement the good works select an auspicious time, according to the astrology. Sinhalese believe and have a faith about this convention; for instance – “Laying a foundation to build a house, until for the house warming ceremony. Many activities are done to the auspicious time in a wedding also the same. There are number of cultural events are performed until finding a name to their baby child. The invitations for a wedding, house warming, and opening a new business. Is done offering a heap of betel leaves.”


The Buddhist offer the arms to monk in the temple and they visit the temple offer the flowers, light the oil lamps and joystick and recite panisl and gatha on poya days. The Muslims get together in the mosque on every Friday afternoons and pray god. The Tamils and Christians also visit the kovil and church and do the offering and pray the god.



National Flag in Sri Lanka

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Prior to 1815 the gold lion was originally the National Flag of Ceylon. Its four pipul leaves are Buddhist symbol and the sword is said to represent authority.  The green and orange colour represents Muslim and Tamil people. Dark red rectangular panel bordered yellow lion passant holding a sword upright in its right for paw. Around the background is a gold border and to its left are two vertical stripes of equal size in green and saffron. With the saffron stripe closest to the lion.


Buddhist Flag in Sri Lanka

The Buddhist flag was created and hoisted for the first time by Venerable Thera Migettuwatte Gunananda to celebrate the Vesak festival in 28th April 1885. By the Buddhist leaders under the patronage of Sir Henry Olcotte. The flag was published for the first time on “Sarasavi Sandarasa” Newspaper, and since 17th April 1885 it has been used.

Since on that day it has been hoisted Buddhist festival in the flag there are five colour stripes. Which are represented as follows.

  • Blue : Universal compassion
  • Yellow : The middle path
  • Red : Blessings
  • White : Purity and Liberation
  • Orange : Wisdom

Vertical lines represent the harmony of the world people and horizontal lines represent the world peace. The collection of the colours of flag indicates the transcendencey the Buddhism assists for the Buddhist also shown by the Buddhist flag.