The Kelaniya Raja Maha Vihara in Sri Lanka

The Kelaniya Raja Maha Vihara or Kelaniya Temple is a Buddhist temple in Kelaniya, Sri Lanka, seven miles from Colombo. The Chief Incumbent (Chief Priest) is Venerable Professor Kollupitiye Mahinda Sangharakkhitha Thera. Buddhists believe the temple to have been hallowed during the third and final visit of the Lord Buddha to Sri Lanka, Accoding to the chronicles, Lord Buddha on the 8th year after enlightenment on full moonday of Vesak, visited Kelaniya on the invitation of Maniakkhika the Naaga King of Kelaniya, seated on the gem throne the Blessed one preached the doctrine.

The gem studded throne is enshrined in the dagaba. This Vihara was built by King Yataalatissa. The height of stupa is 80 feet, circumference is 180 feet. The dagaba is in shape of a heap of paddy. In the temple premises are devales dedicated to Gods Kataragama, Vishnu, Naatha and Vibhishana.The original Temple and the Stupa or the Dageba was built in 5th Century BC, but none of the earlier structure survives today.

Mentioned in the Sri Lankan chronicle”Chulavansa” is that, the Kelaniya Temple was five stories high with traditional styling and roofing. It also states that the temple was rebuilt by King Vijayabahu III, (1232-1236) and King Parakrama Bahu II (1236-1270).

The temple flourished during the Kotte era but much of its land was confiscated during the Portuguese empire. Under the Dutch empire, however, there were new gifts of land and under the patronage of King Kirthi Sri Rajasingha the temple was rebuilt. It was refurbished in the first half of the 20th century with the help of Helena Wijewardhana.

The temple is also famous for its image of the reclining Gautama Buddha and paintings by the native artist Solias Mendis which depict important events in the life of the Buddha, in the history of Buddhism in Sri Lanka, also incidents from the Jataka tales.

According to the Galpotta records King Nissanka Malla visited Kelaniya to pay homage. It is recorded that Kalinga Maagha raided the temple and plundered all the wealth. The Portuguese set fire to the temple and destroyed it. Kelani Vihara is one of the 16 sacred shrines in the island. Duruthu Perahera is conducted in the month of January with pomp and glory.




  • Painting of kelani raja maha viharaya









































Mihinthalaya in Sri Lanka

Mihintale is a mountain peak near Anuradhapura in Sri Lanka. It is believed by Sri Lankans to be the site of a meeting between the Buddhist monk Mahinda and King Devanampiyatissa which inaugurated the presence of Buddhism in Sri Lanka. It is now a pilgrimage site, and the site of several religious monuments and abandoned structures.

8 miles east of Anuradhapura, close to the Anuradhapura – Trincomalee road is situated the “Missaka Pabbata” which is 1000 feet in height and is one of the peaks of a mountainous range. Though this was called Cetiyagiri or Sagiri, it was popularly known as Mihintale, the cradle of Buddhism in Sri Lanka.

Thera Mahinda came to Ceylon from India on the Full moon poya day of the month, of Poson (June) and met King Devanampiyatissa and the people, and preached the doctrine. The traditional spot where this meeting took place is revered by the Buddhists of Sri Lanka. Therefore in the month of Poson, Buddhists make their pilgrimage to Anuradhapura and Mihintale.

From ancient times a large number of large steps were constructed to climb Mihintale. It is stated that King Devanampiyatissa constructed a vihara and 68 caves for the Bhikkhus to reside in. At Mihintale there gradually grew a number of Buddhist viharas with all the dependent buildings characteristic of monasteries of that period.


  • Ambasthala Dagaba

Is situated on the plain close to the peak of the mountain, and is said to have been built by King Makalantissa. The ruins show that there has been a house built encircling the stupa. The Dagaba is said to enshrine the relics of the great Apostle Mahinda. The traditional spot where this meeting took place is marked by the Ambasthala Dagaba.


  • The cave of Arahanth Mahinda

When proceeding from Ambastala dagaba along the narrow road, on the slope is the cave knows as Mihindu Guhawa or the cave of Arahanth Mahinda, where he resided. Out of the caves the most famous and incidentally the most sacred to Buddhists is this cave with its flattened slab on which Thera Mahinda was accustomed to rest.


  • Naaga Pokuna

Passing Ambasthalaya on the western side is a flight of steps. When going down the steps one could see the Naaga Pokuna. This has been constructed by King  Agbo I and its name is derived as there are figures of snakes with their hoods spread-out in the back ground and is one of the most famous ponds.


  • Kaludiya Pokuna

Is also one of the famous ponds at Mihintale. The name is derived from the fact that the water in the pond appears to be black in colour. It is believed that on new moon day, Kalu Buddha Rakkhita Thera sat under the Thimbiriya tree, close to the Kaludiya Pokuna, preached on sermon based on kaalakaaraama Sutta.




























Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage in Sri Lanka

Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage is an Orphanage, nursery and Captive breeding ground for wild Asian Elephants located at Pinnawala village, 13 km (8.1 mi) northeast of Kegalle town in Sabaragamuwa Province of Sri Lanka. Pinnawala has the largest herd of captive elephants in the world. In 2011, there were 10965 elephants, including 4643 males and 968 females from 3 generations, living in Pinnawala.

This is just as the name suggests holds a unique disposition in the ex-situ animal care. It’s success and fame has travelled not just within the country but throughout the world to an extent where Pinnawala synonymous with the Sri Lankan Elephant.

It was established in 1975 by the Sri Lanka Department of Wildlife Conservation Currently being a home to 93 elephants the concept was actualized by the late Hon. Minister Kalugalle on the 16th of February 1975.  Pinnawala at the time was a very remote area with lush coconut plantations and most importantly an area where the availability of mahouts was not lacking. Also the immense amount of water required by the elephants is supplemented with the availability of “Ma oya” running close by.







































































Ambuluwawa Viharaya in Sri Lanka

Located in the Galboda Korale close to Hatara Korale on the Egodagoda Pattuwa is Ambuluwawa Viharaya. This is also on example of the Kandyan period architecture, where the vihara is constructed on stone pillars. It is said that the Tooth Relic was placed here during a certain period. King Parakramabahu VI who ruled from Kotte, is supposed to have lived here in his childhood. This vihara would have been built here to commemorate it.

On a foundation of 26 x 18 feet are rows of granite pillars. The granite pillars of the inner row are 9’10’’ feet in height, while the granite pillars of the outer row are 8’9’’ feet in height. The image house is on wooden pillars and planks and is 10-1/2 feet, in length and7 feet in breadth. A verandah is built round the image house from the base up to the ceiling is 8’3’’ feet in height.

Ambuluwawa was built as a symbol of religious harmony in Sri Lanka and you can find a temple, a church, a Hindu kovil and a mosque there. The great thing is you can go to the top of the Dagaba in the mountain giving you a feeling of being in the sky.

Ambuluwawa Mountain is hard journey; some people do climb the mountain on foot. However the journey is worth it because it offers one of the most beautiful scenes you can ever see.  Although not considered a top tourist attraction in Sri Lanka it does attract some tourists and everyday lots of locals visit there. There is a beautiful landscaped garden for you to spend some time and you can get some amazing picture from the top of the mountain.





Katharagama in Sri Lanka

Kataragama is a pilgrimage town sacred to Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim and indigenous Vedda people of Sri Lanka People from South India also go there to worship.

The town has the Kataragama temple, a shrine dedicated to Skanda Kumara also known as Kataragama deviyo. Kataragama is located in the Monaragala District of Uva province, Sri Lanka. It is 228 km ESE of Colombo, the capital of Sri Lanka. Although Kataragama was a small village in medieval times, today it is a fast-developing township surrounded by jungle in the southeastern region of Sri Lanka.

There are five main places of worship located at Kataragama. They are Kirivehera, Maha Bodhiya, Kataragama Devale, Sella Kataragama and Vedihitikanda.

  • Kiri Vehera

It is one of the main 16 shrines. As it was dilapidated, in 1961 the foundation was laid to construct it. The work has now been completed. The original dagaba was constructed by Parakramabahu the great, at the request of queen Subadra. It is 95 feet in height and has a circumference of 280 feet.

The Buddhist Kiri Vehera Dagaba which stands in close to the Kataragama devalaya was built by the King Mahasena. According to the legend, Lord Buddha, on his third and the last visit to Sri Lanka, was believed to have met King Mahasena, who ruled over the Kataragama area in 580 BC. It is said that King Mahasena met Lord Buddha and listened to his discourse. As a token of gratitude, the Dagaba was built on that exact spot where it now stands. Thus the local Sinhalese Buddhists believe that Kataragama was sanctified by Lord Buddha.

Many Sinhala Buddhists of Sri Lanka believe that Kataragama Deviyo is a guardian deity of Buddhism and he is the presiding deity of Kataragama temple. Kataragama is one of the 16 principal places of Buddhist pilgrimage to be visited in Sri Lanka.


  • Kataragama Maha Devalaya

Kataragama Devalaya is a temple complex dedicated to Buddhist guardian deity Kataragama Deviyo and Hindu War God Murugan It is one of the few religious sites in Sri Lanka that is venerated by the Buddhists, Hindus, Muslims and the Vedda people. For most of the past millennia, it was a jungle shrine very difficult to access; today it is accessible by an all-weather road.

God Kataragama is also known as Skanda or Kanda Kumara. The main devale is dedicated to Kanda Kumara. Various other devale have been constructed in the same premises recently. They are Gana Devale, Vishnu Devale and Suniyam Devale.

The kataragama procession is held during the month of August (Esala). Two important items are connected with it. They are fire walking and water cutting ceremonies. Offering Pooja watti, putting Panduru, breaking coconuts, Kaavadi dance, lying on steel nails, hanging from steel nails, rolling round the devale premises, pricking the body with thornes pilgrims do these acts to fulfill their vows.


  • Bo Tree in Kataragama

The Bodhiya is in the premises of the kataragama Devale and is one of the Bo-Trees planted from the 8 seeds of the Jayasri Maha Bodhiya at Anuradhapura.


  • Sella Kataragama

Connected with the Kataragama Devale are 2 other places of worship. One is Sella Kataragama. According to folk lore it is said that God Katargama met Valliamma at this place. The distance from Kataragama to Sella Kataragam is about 3 miles.

  • Vedihitikanda in Kataragama

It is believed that God kataragama resided at vedihitikanda. About 2 miles from Kataragama on a peak of a mountain is a devale and Bo-Tree. Although it is difficult to climb to the top of the mountain, the devotees never fail to climb it.

  • Thissamaharama Dagaba in Kataragama

The land surrounding Thissamaharama was a part of the temple premises hence this area is known as Thissamaharama. This is one of the 16 great shrines in Sri Lanka. It was King Kavanthissa who built the Thissamaharama Dagaba. It is 18 feet in height and 550 feet in circumference. It is said that relice of the forehead of the Buddha is enshrined in this dagaba. The relics are placed on the forehead of a golden statue. According to the chronicles, that during the 3rd visit of the Buddha to Ceylon, he attained a state of tranquility (Samadhi) at the site of the Thissamaharama dagaba.


Beach Destinations in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka possesses nearly 1600 km coastlines with tropical beaches which are popular among both local and foreign tourists. Most of the coastlines of the country are studded with varying coastal features such as bays, lagoons, sandbanks and rocky headlands. Marine recreation activities, such as sea bathing and Swimming, surfing, boating, snorkeling, deep-sea fishing, underwater photography, and Scuba diving can be seen at most of these beaches and related resort areas. Beaches at Tangalle, Beruwala, Mirissa, Bentita, Unawatuna  Arugam Bay, Pasikudda, Uppuveli, Hikkaduwa and Negambo are considered as famous tourist beaches in the country.

  • Beach Negambo

Negombo is a major city in Sri Lanka, situated on the west coast and at the mouth of the Negambo Lagoon, in Western Province.

Negombo is a beautiful beach resort on the western coast of Sri Lanka. The wide sandy beaches and the safe sea are the major tourist attractions of Negombo bringing locals and tourists to enjoy a memorable beach holiday.

Negombo is known for its long sandy beaches and centuries old fishing industry. Negombo has a large bilingual population of Roman Catholics known as Negombo Tamils who their own Tamil dialect but mostly identify themselves as Sinhalese.

Negombo, Situated six kilometres, a mere stones throwaway from the International airport of Sri Lanka, is a characteristic predominantly Christian fishing town with narrow streets and small boutiques and many a historic churches to visit and see, with its routes running back to the arrival of the Portuguese. Negombo is an ideal place to enjoy the traditional fishing methods of Sri Lanka, the out rigger canoe, the swifter catamaran and the lagoon famous for its promfret, lagoon crab & lobster during season.

Negombo (Migamuwa) is a town of about 40 km north of Colombo. It has a small port and its economy is based on centuries old fishing industries and tourism. During the Dutch and Portuguese invasion it was used as a trading port.

The beaches of Negombo are most of the time less crowded and unexplored which means that the beach is mostly to yourself. Recreational sports such as Diving and surfing are famous among tourists. The Muthurajawela Marsh off Negombo lagoon just south of the town is a unique wetland habitat and the largest marsh in Sri Lanka popular with eco enthusiasts.

  • Kite Surfing

The latest exhilarating extreme sport in Sri Lanka, it is a fusion of Kite flying , Wind Surfing , Wave boarding and Surfing. It is a bit difficult to master however, well qualified trainers are available at your disposal so that within a week you will be able to kite-surf like a pro.


  • Beach Unawatuna

Unawatuna is a coastal town in Galle district  of Sri Lanka. Unawatuna is a major tourist attraction in Sri Lanka and known for its beach and corals. It is a suburb of Galle, about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) southeast to the city center and approximately 108 kilometres (67 mi) south of Colombo. Unawatuna is situated at an elevation of 5 metres (16 ft) above the sea level.

And also Unawatuna in Sri Lanka is one of the most famous areas in the country. Tourists on a vacation like to spend their time in the southern part of Sri Lanka. This is mainly because the south has the most beautiful beaches in Sri Lanka, and Unawatuna beach is a picturesque semicircular bay beach that stretches no more than one kilometer. With roughly a one hour ride from capital city Colombo, Unawatuna’s a perfect area to stay for a few days. The main beach at Unawatuna is popular with both tourists and locals. The wide stretched beaches offer some good swimming and a part of the beach is occupied with sunbeds to rent.

  • Unawatuna is rich in its Biodiversity,

As the numerous other fine beaches in the south western and southern coast line of Sri Lanka, Unawatuna too is fringed by lush groves of coconut palm trees. However it has a rare geographical occurrence: on either end of the bay you can see headlands. And also Protected by a double reef over the bay creates a natural pool that makes the bay safe for swimmers.

From the midway of the stretch the swimmers are able to reach the Rock island. The Galapiteala Reef and Napoleon Reef, offering multi-level dives brings in opportunities to enjoy exceptional marine life: Napoleon Wrasse, Bat Fish, Golden Moray Eels and numerous other colourful species of fish can be found here.

At Unawatuna , with a bit of luck the tourists may witness turtles laying eggs along the shore. Diving also affords the opportunity to enjoy the sight of these magnificent sea turtles swimming around in the blue waters of the Indian Ocean.

Over sixty Species of endemic birds, including terns, egrets, herons, sandpipers and kingfishers, as well as rarer species such as the lesser whistling duck, the Asian palm swift, the white –breasted waterhen, the Loten’s sunbird and the black bittern been sighted in the locality by the ornithologist, Clive Byers. These birds are mostly sighted in the remaining marshy area and Rumassala Hillock.

Off the coast of Unawatuna, beneath the Indian Ocean lies a number of coral reefs, shipwrecks, and a great variety of Fish and turtles. The turtles still wade onto the shore to lay their nests and eggs, and at times, as if to lay first claim to the sandy shore now invaded by the tourists and dotted by restaurateurs, even go right into the beach front restaurants.

The Rumassala coral reefs at the east end of the Galle Harbor attract divers, but are now endangered due to possible port development. Eco treks in the shrub jungles of Rumassala are also available.

And also Jungle Beach, (4 km from Unawatuna ) is a small stretch of beach with the forest right behind it. As the name suggests, it has its share of wilderness. An ideal beach to enjoy some snorkeling, it can be accessed from the Unawatuna beach by Boat. A minor road too leads to the Jungle beach from Unawatuna.

  • Beach Passikudda

Passikudah is renowned because of its extented shallow coastline, making it a great spot for sunbathing and shallow swimming. The mesmerizing, azure waters are hard to resist and, along with the pristine, white-golden sand of the beach, create an incredible sight.

Pasikuda, meaning “green-algae-bay” is situated in Eastern seaboard of Sri Lanka between Kalkuda and the Indian Ocean, approximately 35 kilometers from Batticaloa Town. The turquoise blue waters of the bay attracts local and foreign tourist to this wide sandy place under the hot tropical sun to surf, swim or just frolic in the water. Many other activities are available from kite surfing, boogie boarding to surfing and sailing across in a canoe.

Long out of reach due to the civil conflict in Sri Lanka, is now re-emerging as a tourist hot spot in the East of Sri Lanka. Coconut palms and Palmyra tree adorn the shores of this area, due to the semi-arid state, Sun screen and a large brimmed hat is recommended along with lots of liquid, to keep the heat under control.

Foreign travel to Pasikudah has recently increased due to growth in investment and development. It is home to the Pasikudah Mariamman temple. Pasikudah is easily accessible from the cities of Trincomalee and Batticaloa. And also the nearest airport to Pasikudah is Batticaloa. Airport, which has scheduled flights operating from Colombo Bandaranayake International Airport.

Since the end of the civil war in 2009 and the completion of tsunami rehabilitation projects, Pasikudah has become a popular tourist destination amongst locals and foreigners alike. Pasikudah is fast becoming an investor’s hub as foreign and local investors have shown interest in developing tourism along the beach. Pasikudah is known to have one of the longest stretches of shallow reef coastline in the world. People walk kilometers into the sea because the water is only a few inches deep and the current is relatively weak compared to the rest of Sri Lanka’s coasts.


  • Nilaweli Beach

Nilaveli beach is located in Trincomalee District. This beach is considered one of the purest white sand beaches in Asia. It has remained protected from tourists and visitors for a long time because of the war and after the war thousands of people are visiting Trincomalee and the Nilaveli beach.

And also Nilaveli (Open-land of the moon-shine) is located north-west of the Island. It is one of the most beautiful beaches in Sri Lanka renowned for its soft white sand and breath-taking bays. Nilaveli is famous for recreational water sports such as scuba diving.

The beach is ideal to visit durin April and October. The Sun is at its most intense during this period so that you can work out on your tan. Nilaveli Located in east of the country 120 km from Colombo and 14 km from Trincomalee. The natural harbor and beach is one of finest in world. However it is once again becoming a spot for utmost relaxation on wide serene stretches of white sandy beaches which slope gently into the clear blue sea.

This beach is relatively less crowded than most beaches in Sri Lanka and you want find many small shops or various other traders. A historically popular Tamil village and tourist destination of the district alongside the nearby Uppuveli, the numbers of visitors declined following the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami and Sri Lankan Civil War, but have risen again since 2010. Pigeon Island National Park, one of the two marine national parks of the region is situated 1 km off the coast of Nilaveli, its many species of vegetation, coral and reef fish contributing to Nilaveli’s rich biodiversity.

Watersports are also a huge feature in this beach, surfing and windsurfing are the major excursions undertaken here. This is wind surfing and diving are very famous among tourists and even locals. And also the beaches are ideal for sunbathing, surfing, scuba diving, fishing and whale watching. Pigeon Island, floating a few kilometers away from the coast is a very small island, covered completely with pure-white coral, which offers breathtaking underwater scenes and is a perfect place to snorkel and relax.



  • Marble Beach

Marble beach also known as Marble Bay Beach, is one of the most beautiful beach in Sri Lanka. The beach is situated at the Marble Bay that comes within the Trincomalee District natural harbor area. When the day is bright and the sea is calm, you can see the surface shining like a marble and that’s how the name is derived.

The name Marble beach comes from the Marble stones found in the area. There are lifeguards in the area so you can enjoy a bath without the fear of drowning, and you can go a fair distance towards the sea because of shallow waters. Another thing noticed the water did not have the salt taste.

The water is crystal blue and there are hardly any waves making it an excellent bathing spot. Before the war the beach was mainly used by Air Force officers and even now it is under the control of Air Force. You need to get approval to get to the beach, which can be obtained by the nearby China Bay Air Force camp.

Trincomalee has some of the most picturesque and scenic beaches found in Sri Lanka, relatively unspoilt and clean. The area is famous for bathing and swimming, owing to the relative shallowness of the sea, allowing one to walk out over a hundred meters into the sea without the water reaching the chest. Whale watching is a common pastime in the seas off Trincomalee, and successful sightings are on the rise with the increase of tourism in the area.



  • Mirissa Beach

Mirissa is a small town on the south coast of Sri Lanka, located in the Matara District of the Southern Province. It is approximately 150 kilometres (93 mi) south of Colombo and is situated at an elevation of 4 metres (13 ft) above sea level. Mirissa’s beach and nightlife make it a popular tourist destination. It is also a fishing port and one of the island’s main whale and dolphin watching locations Mirissa is a crescent shaped beach. And also it is a small beach paradise and a fishing port located on the southern tip of the island of Sri Lanka, just 200 kilometers north from the equator.

The sandy beach with its golden sand and undeniably warming atmosphere with chilled breezes, the perfect combination of hot and cold is a travel location that’s the envy of many countries. Marissa is quietly ensconced in the far eastern end of Weligama Bay. These beaches, now famous the world over once formed part of undiscovered natural treasures on the island of Sri Lanka. .  Mirissa is a tourist heaven and must not be missed.

A person has a firsthand experiences watching the humongous creatures wriggle about and float underwater, the scene is truly enrapturing. The dolphins are extremely friendly as well, giving people a show of a lifetime. The Whale Watching activity is famous among avid tourists.

And also Mirissa is the largest fishing port on the south coast and is known for its tuna, mullet, snapper and butterfish. In 1980 the first tourist accommodation was built however it wasn’t until the mid-1990s that tourism to the town started to dramatically increase.

Sri Lanka’s Navy Passenger Craft called ‘Princess of Lanka’ was launched in 2011 and since then has been a vessel for people who want to enjoy a profound activity such as Whale Watching.


  • Hikkaduwa Beach

Hikkaduwa is the name of a small town which is located on the south coast of Sri lank around 98 KM on the south of Colombo. It is well known for the Hikkaduwa beach which is labeled as one of the best surfing site in Sri Lanka and for Hikkaduwa Coral Sanctuary which is located a few meters away from the shore.

And also the beach of Hikkaduwa is situated 98 km from Colombo towards the south of Sri Lanka. This fun coastal town, 14 km away from Galle was the first (1960’s) of Sri Lanka’s beautiful beaches to be discovered by tourists. Snorkelling and diving in the clear waters are a major past-time along this stretch and is the most environmentally friendly way to see the colourful fish that dart around. And also Hikkaduwa has a beautiful beach, it is sandy and very wide, when we were there it was pretty clean too. It is a great beach for chilling on with a book, and strolling along during the day and early evening, but the sea here is very rough and not ideal for a gentle dip.

The coral sanctuary found along the coast of Hikkaduwa is a large shallow body of water enclosed by a reef, decorated with layers of multi coloured corals, and is home to countless numbers of vibrantly coloured fish. Off the beach there is a collection of small islets surrounded by beautiful coral formations. Many species of fish and large turtles are found here. There are more than four different shipwrecks for diving enthusiasts to explore along with dive shops offering PADI courses and equipment.

With plenty of beachfront accommodation and a reputation as the second best surf spot in Sri Lanka, the reason why so many visit Hikkaduwa is blatantly clear. The beaches are lovely and wide and swimming is safe here, though the currents are stronger when it comes to the south of Hikkaduwa. The impressive coral reef runs just offshore and is still populated by exotic fish and sea turtles. Glass bottomed boats are available for visitors wanting to admire the wonders of the deep while keeping their feet dry! After a short distance southwards from the centre of the reef, it diminishes and starts a wider sandy bottomed beach with good waves ideal for board surfing and body surfing.

  • Surfing in Hikkaduwa

Hikkaduwa Beach and Surfing Hikkaduwa beach is one of the most popular tourist places in Sri lanka Known for the harmonized and calm environment. “Hikkaduwa is one of the best surfing spots in Sri Lanka, offering a clear warm water base. The wave sizes range from 4-11 feet. The Beach is considered to be one of the finest places in the country for surfing and it is also well known for seafood currie which gives an extraordinary touch while having the perfect day on the beach. You can enjoy Surfing to the fullest in the months of November to March when waves rise up. Many tourists have recommended surfing in these months. There are 4 main surf points in Hikkaduwa.

  • Hikkaduwa Coral Sanctuary and Snorkeling

While enjoying the beach and the sea, it is necessary to have a look inside the sea to investigate and examine the aquatic life. Whoever has visited the Beach has highly recommended snorkeling. It is very much suitable if one wants to watch all the beautiful fishes and marine life closely. People get a chance to look at a lot of different types of small and big fishes and turtles etc. very closely. Hikkaduwa’s overexploited ‘coral sanctuary’ stretches out from the string of ‘Coral’ hotels at the north end of the strip to a group of rocks a couple of hundred metres offshore. You can swim out to the rocks from the Coral Gardens Hotel, where the reef runs straight out from the shore. So, whenever you get the chance to visit Sri Lanka and especially Hikkaduwa beach, don’t forget to experience surfing as well as snorkeling, it will be an experience of a life time.

  • Turtle Hatchery

On the beach about 2 kms north of Hikkaduwa is a very small private Turtle Research Center, which works to protect this endangered species. Turtle eggs selected for hatching & progressive stages of the development of turtles can be seen here.


  • Mount Lavinia Beach

Mount Lavinia Beach in Sri Lanka is a main sea-bathing spot in the island. depending on season, the waves can be swimmable and it’s host to some amazing sunsets. Mount Lavinia is a suburb in Colombo, Sri Lanka located within the administrative boundaries of the Dehiwala-Mount Laviia municipal limits.

The area is a mostly residential suburb, known as Colombo’s beach retreat it is famed for its “Golden Mile” of beaches,and has long been a hot spot for tourism and nightlife. It is one of the most liberal regions in Sri Lanka and plays host to the island’s annual Gay Pride and Rainbow Kite Festival since 2005.

There are other explanations rooted in geography and the natural surroundings, when it comes to the origin of the name Mount Lavinia. The Sinhalese who lived on the coastal belt had named the promontory “Lihiniya Kanda” or “Lihiniyagala” meaning the hill of the sea gull or the rock of the sea gull.

The local name for the town today is Galkissa – Kissa being a somewhat obsolete Sinhala word for rock.



Gampaha Botanical Garden

Gampaha Botanical Garden also known as Henarathgoda Botanical Garden is situated in the suburb of Gampaha, about 18 miles (29 km) north-west of Colombo and within 1 kilometre (1,100 yd) from the Gampaha Railway Station, and not more than 500 yards (460 m) from the Gampaha-Minuwangoda road.

It was established in 1876 by the British to conduct experiments on exotic economic plants such as Rubber and explore plant wealth and development of economy in the Colony. The altitude of garden is about 33 feet above the sea level. It has a tropical low-country climate. The total area of the botanical garden is about 36 acres and recently it acquired another 7 acres for its expansion process

The total area of the garden is about 33 acres and it is more than 140 years old. The garden is divided into two segments- the orchid garden and the Japanese garden. Visitors can see an extensive variety of plants, shrubs, trees and bushes that are endemic to the country. In addition, the garden is also home to more than 80 species of birds, 12 species of butterflies and 18 species of mammals. Tourists can also take a boat ride at the Attanagalu Oya. The local and foreign people come to every day this place to watch them.

Hakgala Botanical Garden

Hakgala Botanical Garden is one of the five botanical gardens in Sri Lanka. It is the second largest garden in Sri Lanka. The garden is contiguous to Hakgala Strict Nature Reserve.The garden is contiguous to Hakgala Strict Nature Reserve in Nuwara Eliya. The garden is believed to be the highest set botanical gardens in the world.

Hakgala Botanical Garden is situated on the Nuwara Eliya-Badulla main road, 16 km from Nuwara Eliya. The garden has a Cool temperate climate because of altitude is 5,400 feet above the sea level. The mean annual temperature ranges between 16 °C to 30°C during course of a year, From December to February it has a cold climate, while the warm climate persists from April to August.
The best time to see the gardens is probably from about mid-March to the end of April, popularly known as the Nuwara Eliya seasons. The gardens put up their best display of temperate annual flowers, Roses and Orchids during this period.

There are over 10,000 species of flora planted here and during the spring season in Nuwara Eliya thousands of visitors come to see the blooms here. Number of annual visitors is around 500,000.The garden is famous for number of Species of Orchids and Roses are planted there. The local and foreign people come to every day this place to watch them. Hakgala Gardens is open daily from 8.00 am to 5.30 pm.

Capital city in Sri Lanka

Colombo is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka. It is the financial center of the island and a popular tourist destination. It is located on the west coast of the island and adjacent to the Greater Colombo area which includes Sri Jayawardhanapura Kotte, the legislative capital of Sri Lanka and Dehiwala Mount Lavinia. Colombo is often referred to as the capital since Sri Jayawardhanapura Kotte is within the urban area of, and a suburb of, Colombo. But the ancient Colombo had bullock cart transport system with the development of Colombo this place gradually; Colombo became the busiest place.

It is also the administrative capital of Western Province, Sri Lanka and the district capital of Colombo district. Colombo is a busy and vibrant place with a mixture of modern life and colonial buildings and ruins. It was the legislative capital of Sri Lanka until 1982.Due to its large harbour and its strategic position along the East-West sea trade routes, Colombo was known to ancient traders 2,000 years ago. It was made the capital of the island when Sri Lanka was ceded to the British Empire in 1815, and its status as capital was retained when the nation became independent in 1948. In 1978, when administrative functions were moved to Sri Jayawardhanapura Kotte, Colombo was designated as the commercial capital of Sri Lanka.

The main city is home to a majority of Sri Lanka’s corporate offices, restaurants and entertainment venues. Famous landmarks in Colombo include Galle Face green, Viharamahadevi park, Beira Lake, Colombo Racecourse, Planetarium , University of Colombo, Mount Lavinia beach, Nelum pokuna theatre, Colombo Lotus tower (under construction)  as well as the National Museum.

  • Old Capital City


  • New Capital City

Light House in Sri Lanka

There are 14 active lighthouses in Sri Lanka. Most of the lighthouses in Sri Lanka are operated and maintained by the Sri Lanka Ports Authority (SLPA). However several are operated by the Sri Lanka Navy, while some are inactive. There are twenty five lighthouses in Sri Lanka, with sixteen of those being still active. Most of these lighthouses now fall under the control of Sri Lanka ports authority, whilst the remainder is under the control of the Sri Lanka Navy.

  • Light House in Galle



This is Sri Lanka’s oldest light station, and it’s located in the southern province. Its built by the British was located about 100 meters (330 ft.) from the current site. It was destroyed by fire in 1934. The existing 26.5-meter-high (87 ft.) lighthouse was erected here in 1939. The original light was furnished with a glass prism lens floating in a bath of mercury (to reduce friction) and was powered by a weight driven machine. The light station is within the walls of the ancient Galle fort, a UNESCO world heritage site and well known tourist attraction. Above the road level on the ramparts, at what is known as the Point Utrecht Bastion, giving it full view of any ships entering to Galle Harbour.

  • Light House in Colombo


This light house was built in 1952 and it was opened by Mr. Hon D.S. Senanayake. It has four statues of lions at its base. And also its current 29 meter high (95 ft.). This was due to its placement in a high-security zone as it is across the street from the Naval Headquarters and close proximity of the Port of Colombo.