Peradeniya Royal botanical garden is the largest of the botanical gardens of Sri Lanka. It is situated in Maha Nuwara (Kandy) district in the central province of Sri Lanka. It is near the Mahaweli River. The garden includes more than 4000 species of plants, including orchids, spices, medicinal plants and palm trees. To seeing very famous Hanging Bridge and garden of medicine (Osu Uyana) in Peradeniya garden. The total area of the botanical garden is 147 acres (0.59 km2), at 460 meters above sea level, and with a 200-day annual rainfall. It is managed by the Division of National Botanic Gardens of the Department of Agriculture.
There many vacant areas like parks with meadows. The visitors can enjoy staying this place. The local and foreign people come to every day this place to watch them and the ticket is needed to enter the garden. Because this money use for garden maintaining.
Dambulla is situated in the Matale district, central province of Sri Lanka. And also it is the centre of vegetable distribution in the country and 12 miles from Sigiriya in Dambulla. On the Matale- Anuradhapura road, and 29 miles from Kandy in Dambulla and a vast isolated rock mass, 175 feet in height. After climbing a fair distance one can reach the famous rock temple. There are other ancient temples at Dambulla. This is cave temple also known as the Golden Temple. Dambulla is also a world heritage site in Sri Lanka. Though shrouded in history, Dambulla Viharaya has a long historical record. On a cave inscription is recorded that King Saddhatissa donated this to the Bhikkhus.
There is a view that the caves of Dambulla sheltered King Valagamba during his years of exile and when he regained the throne he caused this to be built as the most magnificent of rock-temples of this island. The book “Rajaratnakara” too supports this view. It is recorded in King Kirthi Sri Rajasingha’s “Dambulu Vihara Ketapatha” that Dambulla cave was discovered by veddah, who informed King Valagamba about it.
This temple complex dates back to the first century BC. It has five caves under a vast overhanging rock, carved with a drip line to keep the interiors dry. In 1938 the architecture was embellished with arched colonnades and gabled entrances. Inside the caves, the ceilings are painted with intricate patterns of religious images following the contours of the rock. There are images of the Lord Buddha or Bodhisattvas, as well as various gods and goddesses. In one of the caves is the image of God Vishnu a deity associated with Buddhism. In another cave is a spring which is amazing. The drops of water that trickle from the roof of the cave never get not dried during the drought nor does it increase during the rainy season. There is a large bowl kept to collect the water. Further investment in the Temple’s infrastructure has seen the construction of a museum and other tourist facilities located away from the historical complex.
According to Chulavansa King Vijayabahu I who ruled from Polonnaruwa renovated the Dambulu Vihara. It is recorded in Rajavaliya and the rock inscription of King Nissankamalla that he renovated it and named it as Rangiri Dambulla and also built 73 statues. The eyes of the satue were placed by King Senarath King of Knady (1606-1635 A.D.) Sri Veera Parakrama Narendrasingha (1707-1739) gave a written record of oral order and that King Vimaladharama Suriya II built belfry, are written in some of the records pertaining to Dambulu Vihara. During the time of the rebellion which broke out in 1817-1818 Purannappu and Gongalegoda Banda took shelter in the Dambulu Vihara.
There are a series of 5 caves turned into shrines and also are numerous images of the Buddha. The ceiling too is covered with frescoes in which depict great events in the life of the Buddha, and landmarks in the history of Sinhala people. In one of the cave is the image of God Vishnu , adiety associated with Buddhism. In another cave is a spring which is amazing. The drops of water that trickle from the roof of the cave never get dried during the drought nor does it increase during the rainy season. There is a large bowl kept to collect the water. As there are pictures of fish in the place where the water flowers, this trickle of water may have been there from ancient times.
Nuwara Eliya District is most attractive, with a picturesque landscape and beautiful place in Sri Lanka. It is in the central hills of the Central Province, which is known as “small England”. This is surrounded by mountains. Therefore this area is very cool on has low temperature throughout out the year. Most of the hill slopes are covered by the tea plantation and vegetables. The water streams flow through the mountains, and also attractive waterfalls can be seen.
In the morning and evening the mountain peaks are covered by the mist. This is a very fascinating scene. The tea plucker having a basket on their back is also another pleasant scene. Therefore there are unforgettable landscapes everywhere in Nuwara Eliya. During the spring season Nuwara Eliya is a colourful holiday resort. The colourful flowers various fruits the chill breeze make the environment very attractive the Gregary Lake adds a beauty to this place and the flower gardens is also wonderful. The Haggala botanical garden is also situated in Nuwara Eliya. We can see some houses which were made for the British architecture. This place is attracted by the local and foreign visitors.
It is at an altitude of 1,868 m (6,128 ft) and is considered to be the most important location for tea production in Sri Lanka. The city is overlooked by Pidurutalagala, the tallest mountain in Sri Lanka. Nuwara Eliya is known for its temperate, cool climate – the coolest area in Sri Lanka.
Its climate due to its highland location, Nuwara Eliya has a subtropical highland climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb), having no pronounced dry season, a monsoon-like cloudy season and with a mean annual temperature of 16 °C (61 °F). In the winter months, there can be frost at night, but it warms up rapidly during the day because of the high sun angle.
The temple of tooth is located in the beautiful surrounding in front of the Kandy Lake. And also this temple is situted in Kandy district. This temple and this holy place is named as the world heritage. This is one of the most scared and reliouges place of Buddhist. This is also and outstanding cultural valuble places. The tooth relic of Lord Buddha is deposited in the goldern cascket, which is respected and worshiped by the devotees every day. On poya days large number of pilgrims worship the tooth relic.
During the regin of King Kitsiri Mevan the Tooth Relic was brought to Ceylon from Kalinga by Princess Hemamali and Prince Danta. The Tooth Relic was considered as the symbol of kingship and became the most sacred object of worship in the island. it was customary for the kings to build a temple near the place, and to become its custodian. the Tooth Relic was taken to Polonnaruwa, Beligala, Dambadadeniya and Yapahuwa, the capitals of ancient Ceylon. It was Aryachakravarti who seized the Tooth Relic and fled to India. However King Parakramabahu III was able to bring the Relic back to Sri Lanka.
It was King Vimaladharmasooriya I who brought back the Tooth Relic to Kandy. The Tooth Relic temple built by him was renovated by his son Veera Parakrama Narendasingha and Kirti Sri Rajasinghe respectively. King Sri Wicramarajasingha built the Pttirippuwa or the Octganal Shaped building. a new building was constructed to enclose the ancient temple without changing its architecture. The Tooth Relic is placed in the old shrine.
Some traditional rituals are performed every day befor meals. The drumers beat the drums and conch shell is blown to show the respect befor the alms given. It is called the “Thewawa”. The hold area is considerd as a scared place. At any time of the year Kandy is a romantic city, but in August the ancient capital becomes the venue for one of the most legendary festivals in Asia. The Esala perahera is also held to respect for the tooth relic of the Lord Buddha.
There is a musium, the shrine room was made out of the wood. The statue of late prime minister D.S.Senanayake and child Madduma Bandara’s statues are made in front of the temple.
Yaala is a wild life sanctuary. This is located in Hambanthota and Monaragala districts. It is the first wild life sanctuary and the second largest reserved forest. This place is very attractive and large number of birds and animals live in this natural habitat. Some of them are the Elephants, Leopards, Bears, Stags, Spotted deers and the Birds paradise is at “Kumana”. Most of the birds are endemic to Sri Lanka and during the winter season, large number of birds migrates to this place from the cold countries. So the local and foreign visitors come to this place to watch them. The people who love to nature this place gives wonderful experiences.
Wilpaththuwa is the largest wild life sanctuary in Sri Lanka. The land rate of this sanctuary is 131693 hectare yard. This is location in Puttalam district. Large number of birds and animals love this natural habitat. Some of them are Elephants, Leopards, Wild boars, Bears, spotted deer and various kinds of birds live in this forest. Therefore local and foreign visitors visit this place enjoy the beautiful.
This place is famous as “Eth Athura Sevana” and the Wild Elephant and tuskers can be seen in this place. This is reserved for Elephant. In the forest most of the baby elephant are lost their parents due to various reasons so these helpless Elephant, wounded Elephant are captured and put in to this place. They look after in this place until they grow, later they put into their natural habitat again. As the upper part of the Walawe River is situated in this area, this name is given.
Bopath Ella is one of the most beautiful waterfalls in Sri Lanka. The high rate of this waterfall is 30 meters. It is situated in the Rathnapura district of Sri Lanka. It is formed from the Kuru Ganga, which is a tributary of the Kalu Ganga. Bopath Ella has a shape very similar to the leaf of the sacred fig or “Bo tree”, which has earned it this name. The local and foreign people come to this place to watch them and the waterfall is a major tourist attraction in the country.
Diyaluma falls is one of the most beautiful waterfalls in Sri Lanka and this is 220 meters high and the second highest waterfall in Sri Lanka. It is situated in Badulla district. The falls are formed by Punagala oya, a tributary of Kuda oya which in turn, is a tributary of Kirindi oya. The local and foreign people come to this place to watch them. In Sinhalese, Diyaluma or Diya haluma means of “Rapid flow of water” or may be translated as “liquid light”.
Dunhinda falls is one of the most beautiful water falls in Sri Lanka and the high rate of this waterfall is 64 meters. Dunhinda waterfall is located in Uva province, Sri Lanka and it is about five kilo meters away from Badulla town. The waterfall is created by the river called Badulu oya, which goes through the Badulla town. Meaning of “Dun” in Sinhala is smoke and the mist created by this falls is like a smoke. It’s also known as bridal fall as the shape of the waterfall reflect a bridal veil. The local and foreign people come to this place to watch them.