Flags oF Provinces in Sri Lanka

These are the information of Flags of Provinces. Provincial flags for the modern provinces of Sri Lanka were first introduced in 1987. Most of the flags are based upon ancient Sinhalese flags, and or symbols for their respective regions. There are nine (09) flags according to nine provinces.

1. Northern Province

The flag is designed to represents the North province and its five districts Jaffna, Kilinochchi, Mannar, Vaunia and Mulathiw. Its main city is Jaffna. The province consists of 32 provincial divisional secretariats. Its area is 8290 square kilometers. The Wild Jasmine is the flower of this province. This area is being implemented after rescuing from the useless war.

The blue border is ocean resource, Green colour is the greenery and agriculture, Red colour is labour, industriousness and Hindu culture and religion. White colour is fraternity, peace; radiating sun indicates synergy of power and natural energy source, also Tamil people and language in the province.



2. North central Province

The flag is designed to represents the North central province and its two districts Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa. Its main city and first capital city is Anuradhapura, according to civilization in Sri Lanka. The province consists of 29 provincial divisional secretariats. Its area is 9741 square kilometers. The Ehela Mala is the flower of this province. The main livelihood of this province is agriculture.

In this religious city there are eight scared places, they are called “Atamasthana” (Sri maha bodhiya, Ruwanweliseya, Thuparamaya…) and many tanks situated in this province. The local and foreign people come to every day this place to watch them, because this province has cultural value also.

The flag is similar to that of the National flag with the yellow border, the two vertical green and orange stripes and the four Bo leaves in the corner of the maroon box.



3. Central Province

The flag is designed to represents the Central province and its three districts Kandy, Nuwara Eliya and Matale. Its main city is Kandy. The province consists of 36 provincial divisional secretariats. Its area is 5575 square kilometers. The Maharath Mala is the flower of this province. In this province Tea is grown well and a temperate climatic condition is prevailing throughout the year.

The golden colour lion that carries a sword and the four Bo leaves at the four corners in the maroon colour background represents the Kandy district. The White layout represents Matale district and Nuwara Eliya district that represents the up country is symbolized by the White lotus. The sun and moon are for eternity.

4. North Western Province

The flag is designed to represents the North West province and its two districts Kurunegala and Puttalam. Its main city is Kurunegala. Other main towns in this province are Chilaw and Puttalam, which are both small fishing towns. The province consists of 46 provincial divisional secretariats. Its area is 7506 square kilometers. The Etteriya is the flower of this province. The main livelihood of this province is agriculture and this province is known mainly for its numerous coconut plantation.

The flag of the North western province is of a brown bovine with a sun and moon symbol on a white background. There 15 small eight-pointed cross-stars on the background. The whole flag is surrounded by a green and brown woven border.

5. Western Province

The flag is designed to represents the Western province and its three districts Colombo, Gampaha and Kaluthra. Its main city is Colombo and it has many important places, some of them are the Economic center, Airport, Central Bank, Famous Schools, Universities and industrial production centers. The province consists of 40 provincial divisional secretariats. Its area is 3593 square kilometers. The White lily is the flower of this province.

Its outer rectangle is green with the next one being white. It has decorative green and yellow leaves and in the corners are four arrows separating each side. In the dark red central rectangle, there are four Bo leaves in the corners and three white rings in the middle. Within the first is a three headed golden snake, in the central one is a golden lion with sword and in the last one is a golden bird or cock with a sword.


6. Southern Province

The flag is designed to represents the South province and its three districts Galle, Matara and Hambanthota. Its main city and most developed area is Galle. The province consists of 45 provincial divisional secretariats. Its area is 5383 square kilometers. The Heen Bovitiya is the flower of this province. The livelihoods of this province are agriculture, fisheries and salt industry.

A picture of a lion flag can be seen in frescos in historical Dambulla cave temple. This historical flag made of carving a picture of running lion with a small sword in its forepaw is considered to be the Ruhuna flag.

The flag is of a picture of a yellow lion on a red blood colour background. Accordingly, it was decided to use for the Southern Provincial flag the picture of the lion running with a small sword in its fore paw of the Ruhuna flag and the red colour and yellow colour of the flag taken in the war front by King Dutugamunu.

It was agreed that the forms of the sun and moon of the flag of Southern Province flag should be in the same forms of the sun and moon of the flag of Devinuwara Devalaya and that the same form of that of the flag of Hambantota District. Accordingly, it was expected to keep the integration of Galle, matara and Hambantota. Therefore, Southern Province flag can be considered as a combination of several traditional flags.



7. Uva Province

The flag is designed to represents the North province and its two districts Badulla and Monaragala. Its main city is Badulla. The province consists of 26 provincial divisional secretariats. Its area is 3154 square kilometers. The Gurulu Raja is the flower of this province.

The flag that was gifted to Uva Province by the King Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe who ruled the kingdom of Kandy during the period 1798-1815 can be seen even today at the National Museum (Courtesy: Book entitled “Uva Ithihasaya” by Panditha Naulle Dhammananda Thero ).

The flag of the Uva is a red and yellow flag of a bird. It is bordered by a series of patterns, and also pleasantness, innocence, greatnes and royalty, a flag with a picture of swan had been allotted to the Uva province.



8. Sabaragamuwa Province

The flag is designed to represents the Sabaragamuwa province and its two districts Rathnapura and Kegalle. Its main city is Rathnapura. The province consists of 28 provincial divisional secretariats. Its area is 4921 square kilometers. The Vesak mala is the flower of this province. The livelihoods of this province agriculture and Gems mining is the most important industry.

The flag of the Sabaragamuwa is a dark red flag boarded by yellow edges, like the Sri Lankan flag. It has four yellow Bo leaves in the corners and in the middle is a lion holding a whip like object, there are also a Sun and a Moon either side of the lion.

9. Eastern Province

The flag is designed to represents the East province and its three districts Trincomalee, Batticaloa and Ampara. Its main city is Batticaloa.

The province consists of 42 provincial divisional secretariats. Its area is 9361 square kilometers. The Goda Manel is the flower of this province. The main livelihoods of this province agriculture and fisheries. A new provincial council is being developed in this area.

The flag of the North eastern province is similar to the current flag of Northern Province. It has a symbol of the Sun in the middle of the flag, with three vertical stripes red, white and green.


Beach Destinations in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka possesses nearly 1600 km coastlines with tropical beaches which are popular among both local and foreign tourists. Most of the coastlines of the country are studded with varying coastal features such as bays, lagoons, sandbanks and rocky headlands. Marine recreation activities, such as sea bathing and Swimming, surfing, boating, snorkeling, deep-sea fishing, underwater photography, and Scuba diving can be seen at most of these beaches and related resort areas. Beaches at Tangalle, Beruwala, Mirissa, Bentita, Unawatuna  Arugam Bay, Pasikudda, Uppuveli, Hikkaduwa and Negambo are considered as famous tourist beaches in the country.

  • Beach Negambo

Negombo is a major city in Sri Lanka, situated on the west coast and at the mouth of the Negambo Lagoon, in Western Province.

Negombo is a beautiful beach resort on the western coast of Sri Lanka. The wide sandy beaches and the safe sea are the major tourist attractions of Negombo bringing locals and tourists to enjoy a memorable beach holiday.

Negombo is known for its long sandy beaches and centuries old fishing industry. Negombo has a large bilingual population of Roman Catholics known as Negombo Tamils who their own Tamil dialect but mostly identify themselves as Sinhalese.

Negombo, Situated six kilometres, a mere stones throwaway from the International airport of Sri Lanka, is a characteristic predominantly Christian fishing town with narrow streets and small boutiques and many a historic churches to visit and see, with its routes running back to the arrival of the Portuguese. Negombo is an ideal place to enjoy the traditional fishing methods of Sri Lanka, the out rigger canoe, the swifter catamaran and the lagoon famous for its promfret, lagoon crab & lobster during season.

Negombo (Migamuwa) is a town of about 40 km north of Colombo. It has a small port and its economy is based on centuries old fishing industries and tourism. During the Dutch and Portuguese invasion it was used as a trading port.

The beaches of Negombo are most of the time less crowded and unexplored which means that the beach is mostly to yourself. Recreational sports such as Diving and surfing are famous among tourists. The Muthurajawela Marsh off Negombo lagoon just south of the town is a unique wetland habitat and the largest marsh in Sri Lanka popular with eco enthusiasts.

  • Kite Surfing

The latest exhilarating extreme sport in Sri Lanka, it is a fusion of Kite flying , Wind Surfing , Wave boarding and Surfing. It is a bit difficult to master however, well qualified trainers are available at your disposal so that within a week you will be able to kite-surf like a pro.


  • Beach Unawatuna

Unawatuna is a coastal town in Galle district  of Sri Lanka. Unawatuna is a major tourist attraction in Sri Lanka and known for its beach and corals. It is a suburb of Galle, about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) southeast to the city center and approximately 108 kilometres (67 mi) south of Colombo. Unawatuna is situated at an elevation of 5 metres (16 ft) above the sea level.

And also Unawatuna in Sri Lanka is one of the most famous areas in the country. Tourists on a vacation like to spend their time in the southern part of Sri Lanka. This is mainly because the south has the most beautiful beaches in Sri Lanka, and Unawatuna beach is a picturesque semicircular bay beach that stretches no more than one kilometer. With roughly a one hour ride from capital city Colombo, Unawatuna’s a perfect area to stay for a few days. The main beach at Unawatuna is popular with both tourists and locals. The wide stretched beaches offer some good swimming and a part of the beach is occupied with sunbeds to rent.

  • Unawatuna is rich in its Biodiversity,

As the numerous other fine beaches in the south western and southern coast line of Sri Lanka, Unawatuna too is fringed by lush groves of coconut palm trees. However it has a rare geographical occurrence: on either end of the bay you can see headlands. And also Protected by a double reef over the bay creates a natural pool that makes the bay safe for swimmers.

From the midway of the stretch the swimmers are able to reach the Rock island. The Galapiteala Reef and Napoleon Reef, offering multi-level dives brings in opportunities to enjoy exceptional marine life: Napoleon Wrasse, Bat Fish, Golden Moray Eels and numerous other colourful species of fish can be found here.

At Unawatuna , with a bit of luck the tourists may witness turtles laying eggs along the shore. Diving also affords the opportunity to enjoy the sight of these magnificent sea turtles swimming around in the blue waters of the Indian Ocean.

Over sixty Species of endemic birds, including terns, egrets, herons, sandpipers and kingfishers, as well as rarer species such as the lesser whistling duck, the Asian palm swift, the white –breasted waterhen, the Loten’s sunbird and the black bittern been sighted in the locality by the ornithologist, Clive Byers. These birds are mostly sighted in the remaining marshy area and Rumassala Hillock.

Off the coast of Unawatuna, beneath the Indian Ocean lies a number of coral reefs, shipwrecks, and a great variety of Fish and turtles. The turtles still wade onto the shore to lay their nests and eggs, and at times, as if to lay first claim to the sandy shore now invaded by the tourists and dotted by restaurateurs, even go right into the beach front restaurants.

The Rumassala coral reefs at the east end of the Galle Harbor attract divers, but are now endangered due to possible port development. Eco treks in the shrub jungles of Rumassala are also available.

And also Jungle Beach, (4 km from Unawatuna ) is a small stretch of beach with the forest right behind it. As the name suggests, it has its share of wilderness. An ideal beach to enjoy some snorkeling, it can be accessed from the Unawatuna beach by Boat. A minor road too leads to the Jungle beach from Unawatuna.

  • Beach Passikudda

Passikudah is renowned because of its extented shallow coastline, making it a great spot for sunbathing and shallow swimming. The mesmerizing, azure waters are hard to resist and, along with the pristine, white-golden sand of the beach, create an incredible sight.

Pasikuda, meaning “green-algae-bay” is situated in Eastern seaboard of Sri Lanka between Kalkuda and the Indian Ocean, approximately 35 kilometers from Batticaloa Town. The turquoise blue waters of the bay attracts local and foreign tourist to this wide sandy place under the hot tropical sun to surf, swim or just frolic in the water. Many other activities are available from kite surfing, boogie boarding to surfing and sailing across in a canoe.

Long out of reach due to the civil conflict in Sri Lanka, is now re-emerging as a tourist hot spot in the East of Sri Lanka. Coconut palms and Palmyra tree adorn the shores of this area, due to the semi-arid state, Sun screen and a large brimmed hat is recommended along with lots of liquid, to keep the heat under control.

Foreign travel to Pasikudah has recently increased due to growth in investment and development. It is home to the Pasikudah Mariamman temple. Pasikudah is easily accessible from the cities of Trincomalee and Batticaloa. And also the nearest airport to Pasikudah is Batticaloa. Airport, which has scheduled flights operating from Colombo Bandaranayake International Airport.

Since the end of the civil war in 2009 and the completion of tsunami rehabilitation projects, Pasikudah has become a popular tourist destination amongst locals and foreigners alike. Pasikudah is fast becoming an investor’s hub as foreign and local investors have shown interest in developing tourism along the beach. Pasikudah is known to have one of the longest stretches of shallow reef coastline in the world. People walk kilometers into the sea because the water is only a few inches deep and the current is relatively weak compared to the rest of Sri Lanka’s coasts.


  • Nilaweli Beach

Nilaveli beach is located in Trincomalee District. This beach is considered one of the purest white sand beaches in Asia. It has remained protected from tourists and visitors for a long time because of the war and after the war thousands of people are visiting Trincomalee and the Nilaveli beach.

And also Nilaveli (Open-land of the moon-shine) is located north-west of the Island. It is one of the most beautiful beaches in Sri Lanka renowned for its soft white sand and breath-taking bays. Nilaveli is famous for recreational water sports such as scuba diving.

The beach is ideal to visit durin April and October. The Sun is at its most intense during this period so that you can work out on your tan. Nilaveli Located in east of the country 120 km from Colombo and 14 km from Trincomalee. The natural harbor and beach is one of finest in world. However it is once again becoming a spot for utmost relaxation on wide serene stretches of white sandy beaches which slope gently into the clear blue sea.

This beach is relatively less crowded than most beaches in Sri Lanka and you want find many small shops or various other traders. A historically popular Tamil village and tourist destination of the district alongside the nearby Uppuveli, the numbers of visitors declined following the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami and Sri Lankan Civil War, but have risen again since 2010. Pigeon Island National Park, one of the two marine national parks of the region is situated 1 km off the coast of Nilaveli, its many species of vegetation, coral and reef fish contributing to Nilaveli’s rich biodiversity.

Watersports are also a huge feature in this beach, surfing and windsurfing are the major excursions undertaken here. This is wind surfing and diving are very famous among tourists and even locals. And also the beaches are ideal for sunbathing, surfing, scuba diving, fishing and whale watching. Pigeon Island, floating a few kilometers away from the coast is a very small island, covered completely with pure-white coral, which offers breathtaking underwater scenes and is a perfect place to snorkel and relax.



  • Marble Beach

Marble beach also known as Marble Bay Beach, is one of the most beautiful beach in Sri Lanka. The beach is situated at the Marble Bay that comes within the Trincomalee District natural harbor area. When the day is bright and the sea is calm, you can see the surface shining like a marble and that’s how the name is derived.

The name Marble beach comes from the Marble stones found in the area. There are lifeguards in the area so you can enjoy a bath without the fear of drowning, and you can go a fair distance towards the sea because of shallow waters. Another thing noticed the water did not have the salt taste.

The water is crystal blue and there are hardly any waves making it an excellent bathing spot. Before the war the beach was mainly used by Air Force officers and even now it is under the control of Air Force. You need to get approval to get to the beach, which can be obtained by the nearby China Bay Air Force camp.

Trincomalee has some of the most picturesque and scenic beaches found in Sri Lanka, relatively unspoilt and clean. The area is famous for bathing and swimming, owing to the relative shallowness of the sea, allowing one to walk out over a hundred meters into the sea without the water reaching the chest. Whale watching is a common pastime in the seas off Trincomalee, and successful sightings are on the rise with the increase of tourism in the area.



  • Mirissa Beach

Mirissa is a small town on the south coast of Sri Lanka, located in the Matara District of the Southern Province. It is approximately 150 kilometres (93 mi) south of Colombo and is situated at an elevation of 4 metres (13 ft) above sea level. Mirissa’s beach and nightlife make it a popular tourist destination. It is also a fishing port and one of the island’s main whale and dolphin watching locations Mirissa is a crescent shaped beach. And also it is a small beach paradise and a fishing port located on the southern tip of the island of Sri Lanka, just 200 kilometers north from the equator.

The sandy beach with its golden sand and undeniably warming atmosphere with chilled breezes, the perfect combination of hot and cold is a travel location that’s the envy of many countries. Marissa is quietly ensconced in the far eastern end of Weligama Bay. These beaches, now famous the world over once formed part of undiscovered natural treasures on the island of Sri Lanka. .  Mirissa is a tourist heaven and must not be missed.

A person has a firsthand experiences watching the humongous creatures wriggle about and float underwater, the scene is truly enrapturing. The dolphins are extremely friendly as well, giving people a show of a lifetime. The Whale Watching activity is famous among avid tourists.

And also Mirissa is the largest fishing port on the south coast and is known for its tuna, mullet, snapper and butterfish. In 1980 the first tourist accommodation was built however it wasn’t until the mid-1990s that tourism to the town started to dramatically increase.

Sri Lanka’s Navy Passenger Craft called ‘Princess of Lanka’ was launched in 2011 and since then has been a vessel for people who want to enjoy a profound activity such as Whale Watching.


  • Hikkaduwa Beach

Hikkaduwa is the name of a small town which is located on the south coast of Sri lank around 98 KM on the south of Colombo. It is well known for the Hikkaduwa beach which is labeled as one of the best surfing site in Sri Lanka and for Hikkaduwa Coral Sanctuary which is located a few meters away from the shore.

And also the beach of Hikkaduwa is situated 98 km from Colombo towards the south of Sri Lanka. This fun coastal town, 14 km away from Galle was the first (1960’s) of Sri Lanka’s beautiful beaches to be discovered by tourists. Snorkelling and diving in the clear waters are a major past-time along this stretch and is the most environmentally friendly way to see the colourful fish that dart around. And also Hikkaduwa has a beautiful beach, it is sandy and very wide, when we were there it was pretty clean too. It is a great beach for chilling on with a book, and strolling along during the day and early evening, but the sea here is very rough and not ideal for a gentle dip.

The coral sanctuary found along the coast of Hikkaduwa is a large shallow body of water enclosed by a reef, decorated with layers of multi coloured corals, and is home to countless numbers of vibrantly coloured fish. Off the beach there is a collection of small islets surrounded by beautiful coral formations. Many species of fish and large turtles are found here. There are more than four different shipwrecks for diving enthusiasts to explore along with dive shops offering PADI courses and equipment.

With plenty of beachfront accommodation and a reputation as the second best surf spot in Sri Lanka, the reason why so many visit Hikkaduwa is blatantly clear. The beaches are lovely and wide and swimming is safe here, though the currents are stronger when it comes to the south of Hikkaduwa. The impressive coral reef runs just offshore and is still populated by exotic fish and sea turtles. Glass bottomed boats are available for visitors wanting to admire the wonders of the deep while keeping their feet dry! After a short distance southwards from the centre of the reef, it diminishes and starts a wider sandy bottomed beach with good waves ideal for board surfing and body surfing.

  • Surfing in Hikkaduwa

Hikkaduwa Beach and Surfing Hikkaduwa beach is one of the most popular tourist places in Sri lanka Known for the harmonized and calm environment. “Hikkaduwa is one of the best surfing spots in Sri Lanka, offering a clear warm water base. The wave sizes range from 4-11 feet. The Beach is considered to be one of the finest places in the country for surfing and it is also well known for seafood currie which gives an extraordinary touch while having the perfect day on the beach. You can enjoy Surfing to the fullest in the months of November to March when waves rise up. Many tourists have recommended surfing in these months. There are 4 main surf points in Hikkaduwa.

  • Hikkaduwa Coral Sanctuary and Snorkeling

While enjoying the beach and the sea, it is necessary to have a look inside the sea to investigate and examine the aquatic life. Whoever has visited the Beach has highly recommended snorkeling. It is very much suitable if one wants to watch all the beautiful fishes and marine life closely. People get a chance to look at a lot of different types of small and big fishes and turtles etc. very closely. Hikkaduwa’s overexploited ‘coral sanctuary’ stretches out from the string of ‘Coral’ hotels at the north end of the strip to a group of rocks a couple of hundred metres offshore. You can swim out to the rocks from the Coral Gardens Hotel, where the reef runs straight out from the shore. So, whenever you get the chance to visit Sri Lanka and especially Hikkaduwa beach, don’t forget to experience surfing as well as snorkeling, it will be an experience of a life time.

  • Turtle Hatchery

On the beach about 2 kms north of Hikkaduwa is a very small private Turtle Research Center, which works to protect this endangered species. Turtle eggs selected for hatching & progressive stages of the development of turtles can be seen here.


  • Mount Lavinia Beach

Mount Lavinia Beach in Sri Lanka is a main sea-bathing spot in the island. depending on season, the waves can be swimmable and it’s host to some amazing sunsets. Mount Lavinia is a suburb in Colombo, Sri Lanka located within the administrative boundaries of the Dehiwala-Mount Laviia municipal limits.

The area is a mostly residential suburb, known as Colombo’s beach retreat it is famed for its “Golden Mile” of beaches,and has long been a hot spot for tourism and nightlife. It is one of the most liberal regions in Sri Lanka and plays host to the island’s annual Gay Pride and Rainbow Kite Festival since 2005.

There are other explanations rooted in geography and the natural surroundings, when it comes to the origin of the name Mount Lavinia. The Sinhalese who lived on the coastal belt had named the promontory “Lihiniya Kanda” or “Lihiniyagala” meaning the hill of the sea gull or the rock of the sea gull.

The local name for the town today is Galkissa – Kissa being a somewhat obsolete Sinhala word for rock.



Tourism in Sri Lanka

Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours. Today, tourism is a major source of income for many countries, and affects the economy of both the source and host countries, in some cases being of vital importance. Tourism in Sri Lanka is growing rapidly.

For centuries, Sri Lanka has been a popular place of attraction for foreign travelers. The Chinese traveler Fa-Hien visited Sri Lanka as early as the 4th century, and in the twelfth century, Italian explorer Marco Polo claimed Sri Lanka to be the “best island of its size in the world.

This provided the legislation for the establishment of Ceylon Tourist Board. Since then the Ceylon Tourist Board has functioned as the state agency, responsible for development and promotion of the tourism sector in Sri Lanka.

Currently Sri Lanka Tourism Development Authority has classified Sri Lanka into several resort regions suitable for tourism development.


Gampaha Botanical Garden

Gampaha Botanical Garden also known as Henarathgoda Botanical Garden is situated in the suburb of Gampaha, about 18 miles (29 km) north-west of Colombo and within 1 kilometre (1,100 yd) from the Gampaha Railway Station, and not more than 500 yards (460 m) from the Gampaha-Minuwangoda road.

It was established in 1876 by the British to conduct experiments on exotic economic plants such as Rubber and explore plant wealth and development of economy in the Colony. The altitude of garden is about 33 feet above the sea level. It has a tropical low-country climate. The total area of the botanical garden is about 36 acres and recently it acquired another 7 acres for its expansion process

The total area of the garden is about 33 acres and it is more than 140 years old. The garden is divided into two segments- the orchid garden and the Japanese garden. Visitors can see an extensive variety of plants, shrubs, trees and bushes that are endemic to the country. In addition, the garden is also home to more than 80 species of birds, 12 species of butterflies and 18 species of mammals. Tourists can also take a boat ride at the Attanagalu Oya. The local and foreign people come to every day this place to watch them.

Hakgala Botanical Garden

Hakgala Botanical Garden is one of the five botanical gardens in Sri Lanka. It is the second largest garden in Sri Lanka. The garden is contiguous to Hakgala Strict Nature Reserve.The garden is contiguous to Hakgala Strict Nature Reserve in Nuwara Eliya. The garden is believed to be the highest set botanical gardens in the world.

Hakgala Botanical Garden is situated on the Nuwara Eliya-Badulla main road, 16 km from Nuwara Eliya. The garden has a Cool temperate climate because of altitude is 5,400 feet above the sea level. The mean annual temperature ranges between 16 °C to 30°C during course of a year, From December to February it has a cold climate, while the warm climate persists from April to August.
The best time to see the gardens is probably from about mid-March to the end of April, popularly known as the Nuwara Eliya seasons. The gardens put up their best display of temperate annual flowers, Roses and Orchids during this period.

There are over 10,000 species of flora planted here and during the spring season in Nuwara Eliya thousands of visitors come to see the blooms here. Number of annual visitors is around 500,000.The garden is famous for number of Species of Orchids and Roses are planted there. The local and foreign people come to every day this place to watch them. Hakgala Gardens is open daily from 8.00 am to 5.30 pm.

Capital city in Sri Lanka

Colombo is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka. It is the financial center of the island and a popular tourist destination. It is located on the west coast of the island and adjacent to the Greater Colombo area which includes Sri Jayawardhanapura Kotte, the legislative capital of Sri Lanka and Dehiwala Mount Lavinia. Colombo is often referred to as the capital since Sri Jayawardhanapura Kotte is within the urban area of, and a suburb of, Colombo. But the ancient Colombo had bullock cart transport system with the development of Colombo this place gradually; Colombo became the busiest place.

It is also the administrative capital of Western Province, Sri Lanka and the district capital of Colombo district. Colombo is a busy and vibrant place with a mixture of modern life and colonial buildings and ruins. It was the legislative capital of Sri Lanka until 1982.Due to its large harbour and its strategic position along the East-West sea trade routes, Colombo was known to ancient traders 2,000 years ago. It was made the capital of the island when Sri Lanka was ceded to the British Empire in 1815, and its status as capital was retained when the nation became independent in 1948. In 1978, when administrative functions were moved to Sri Jayawardhanapura Kotte, Colombo was designated as the commercial capital of Sri Lanka.

The main city is home to a majority of Sri Lanka’s corporate offices, restaurants and entertainment venues. Famous landmarks in Colombo include Galle Face green, Viharamahadevi park, Beira Lake, Colombo Racecourse, Planetarium , University of Colombo, Mount Lavinia beach, Nelum pokuna theatre, Colombo Lotus tower (under construction)  as well as the National Museum.

  • Old Capital City


  • New Capital City

Light House in Sri Lanka

There are 14 active lighthouses in Sri Lanka. Most of the lighthouses in Sri Lanka are operated and maintained by the Sri Lanka Ports Authority (SLPA). However several are operated by the Sri Lanka Navy, while some are inactive. There are twenty five lighthouses in Sri Lanka, with sixteen of those being still active. Most of these lighthouses now fall under the control of Sri Lanka ports authority, whilst the remainder is under the control of the Sri Lanka Navy.

  • Light House in Galle



This is Sri Lanka’s oldest light station, and it’s located in the southern province. Its built by the British was located about 100 meters (330 ft.) from the current site. It was destroyed by fire in 1934. The existing 26.5-meter-high (87 ft.) lighthouse was erected here in 1939. The original light was furnished with a glass prism lens floating in a bath of mercury (to reduce friction) and was powered by a weight driven machine. The light station is within the walls of the ancient Galle fort, a UNESCO world heritage site and well known tourist attraction. Above the road level on the ramparts, at what is known as the Point Utrecht Bastion, giving it full view of any ships entering to Galle Harbour.

  • Light House in Colombo


This light house was built in 1952 and it was opened by Mr. Hon D.S. Senanayake. It has four statues of lions at its base. And also its current 29 meter high (95 ft.). This was due to its placement in a high-security zone as it is across the street from the Naval Headquarters and close proximity of the Port of Colombo.

The Ceylon Elephant

The elephant is the king of the Ceylon jungle. No other animal dares to challenge his kingship. In their wild state, elephants live in small herds, about twenty-five in each. A full-grown male is usually the leader of the herd. Such a leader, in all his majesty and dignity, roams the jungle with his followers. Some elephants have tusks from which we obtain ivory, but “tusks” are now rare in Ceylon.

Such an elephant is called a “Rogue Elephant” and the government issues licences to people to shoot such dangerous animals.

From very early times the elephant has been trained to help main in various ways. It acts as a beast of burden for us and it ploughs our fields. It is also used in Perahera. The most attractive scene is the decorated Elephants walk in to Perahera.


Galle fort in Sri Lanka

Galle fort in the bay of Galle on the south west coast of Sri Lanka, it was built first in 1588 by the Portuguese, then extensively fortified by the Dutch during the 17 th century from 1649 onward. This was named as 451 world heritage sites in 1988. This is first light house in Sri Lanka. The fort has two gates. The two towering gates to the fort are termed “Portcullises gates” and the first gate of entry from the port is inscribed “ANNO MDCL XIX” which has depiction of Dutch coat of arms with the ubiquitous emblem of cock and inset “VOC” inscribed in the center. It was designed as Holland architectural system.

The fort originally built by the Portuguese in the 16th century to defend Galle, was an earthen structure with palisades covering the northern inland side with a rampart and three bastions. They believed that the seaward side was impregnable and hence did not construct any fortifications on the sea side. The sea wall was an addition made in 1729 to make the city planning for defense purposes complete in all respects.

Sinharaja Forest in Sri Lanka

Sinharaja forest reserve is a biodiversity hot-spot in Sri Lanka. It is of international significance and has been designated a biosphere reserve and world heritage site by UNESCO. It is tropics rain forest in the world as nominated by UNESCO in 1988, and also conserved forest as nominated in 1962. This is famous wide variety of biodiversity and ever green forest.

Location: This rainforest spanning an area of 18900 acres is located within Sabaragamuwa and Southern provinces of the south-west lowland wet zone of Sri Lanka, Which is located in Galle, Mathara and Rathnapura districts. It is highest place is top of the Hinipitigala Mountain (1170m). Sinharaja is bounded by rivers on three sides. On the north, Sinharaja is bounded by the Kalu Ganga, Naapola Dola and Kosthulana Ganga. On the south and south-west are the rivers Maha Dola and Gin Ganga. On the west are the river Kalukandawa Ela and river Kudawa Ganga. In addition we can see Brahamana Ella, Doovili Ella, Ura (pig) wetunu Ella and Gal doruwa Ella in this forest.

Bio-diversity: Sinharaja Forest reserve is also home to over 50% of Sri Lanka’s endemic species of mammals and butterflies, as well as many kinds of insects, reptiles and rare amphibians.

Climate of sinharaja rain forest is meteorological records gathered from in and around Sinharaja over the last 60 years reveal the annual rainfall of Sinharaja forest has ranged between 3614mm to 5006mm and temperatures from 19°C to 34°C. The high rainfall is owing to two monsoons: south-west monsoons during May-July and the north-east monsoons during November-January.